Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.213.77

शतानीकस्य राजर्षेः कौरव्यः कुरुनन्दनः ।
चक्रे पुत्रं सनामानं नकुलः कीर्तिवर्धनम् ॥ ७७ ॥

śatānīkasya rājarṣeḥ kauravyaḥ kurunandanaḥ |
cakre putraṃ sanāmānaṃ nakulaḥ kīrtivardhanam || 77 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...petals also gave unto them a thousand damsels well-skilled in assisting at bathing and at drinking, young in years and virgins all before their first-season, well-attired and of excellent...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.213.77). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shatanika, Rajarshi, Kauravi, Kauravya, Kurunandana, Cakra, Cakri, Putra, Sanaman, Nakula, Kirti, Vardhana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.213.77). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śatānīkasya rājarṣeḥ kauravyaḥ kurunandanaḥ
  • śatānīkasya -
  • śatānīka (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    śatānīka (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • rājarṣeḥ -
  • rājarṣi (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • kauravyaḥ -
  • kauravī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kauravya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kurunandanaḥ -
  • kurunandana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “cakre putraṃ sanāmānaṃ nakulaḥ kīrtivardhanam
  • cakre -
  • cakra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    cakra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    cakrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    cakri (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    cakri (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • putram -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sanāmānam -
  • sanāman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • nakulaḥ -
  • nakula (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kīrti -
  • kīrti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kīrti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kīrtī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    kīrtī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    kīrtī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vardhanam -
  • vardhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vardhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vardhanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.213.77

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.213.77 in Kannada sript:
ಶತಾನೀಕಸ್ಯ ರಾಜರ್ಷೇಃ ಕೌರವ್ಯಃ ಕುರುನನ್ದನಃ ।
ಚಕ್ರೇ ಪುತ್ರಂ ಸನಾಮಾನಂ ನಕುಲಃ ಕೀರ್ತಿವರ್ಧನಮ್ ॥ ೭೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.213.77 in Bengali sript:
শতানীকস্য রাজর্ষেঃ কৌরব্যঃ কুরুনন্দনঃ ।
চক্রে পুত্রং সনামানং নকুলঃ কীর্তিবর্ধনম্ ॥ ৭৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.213.77 in Gujarati sript:
શતાનીકસ્ય રાજર્ષેઃ કૌરવ્યઃ કુરુનન્દનઃ ।
ચક્રે પુત્રં સનામાનં નકુલઃ કીર્તિવર્ધનમ્ ॥ ૭૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.213.77 in Malayalam sript:
ശതാനീകസ്യ രാജര്ഷേഃ കൌരവ്യഃ കുരുനന്ദനഃ ।
ചക്രേ പുത്രം സനാമാനം നകുലഃ കീര്തിവര്ധനമ് ॥ ൭൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.213.77 in Telugu sript:
శతానీకస్య రాజర్షేః కౌరవ్యః కురునన్దనః ।
చక్రే పుత్రం సనామానం నకులః కీర్తివర్ధనమ్ ॥ ౭౭ ॥

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