Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.204.20

ततस्ता विद्रुता नार्यः स च दैत्यगणस्तदा ।
पातालमगमत्सर्वो विषादभयकम्पितः ॥ २० ॥

tatastā vidrutā nāryaḥ sa ca daityagaṇastadā |
pātālamagamatsarvo viṣādabhayakampitaḥ || 20 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...state, and performing the preliminary rites of departure, they set out in the night when the constellation Magha was in the ascendant. The brothers set out with a large Daitya force clad...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.204.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Tas, Vidruta, Nari, Narya, Daitya, Gana, Tada, Patala, Sarva, Vishada, Bhaya, Kampita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.204.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tatastā vidrutā nāryaḥ sa ca daityagaṇastadā
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tā* -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vidrutā* -
  • vidruta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vidrutā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nāryaḥ -
  • nārī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    nārya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṝ -> nārya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √nṝ class 9 verb]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • daitya -
  • daitya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    daitya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gaṇas -
  • gaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “pātālamagamatsarvo viṣādabhayakampitaḥ
  • pātālam -
  • pātāla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pātāla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • agamat -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [aorist active third single]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [aorist active third single]
  • sarvo* -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • viṣāda -
  • viṣāda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhaya -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhī (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • kampitaḥ -
  • kampita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kamp -> kampita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kamp class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kamp]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.204.20

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.204.20 in Kannada sript:
ತತಸ್ತಾ ವಿದ್ರುತಾ ನಾರ್ಯಃ ಸ ಚ ದೈತ್ಯಗಣಸ್ತದಾ ।
ಪಾತಾಲಮಗಮತ್ಸರ್ವೋ ವಿಷಾದಭಯಕಮ್ಪಿತಃ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.204.20 in Bengali sript:
ততস্তা বিদ্রুতা নার্যঃ স চ দৈত্যগণস্তদা ।
পাতালমগমত্সর্বো বিষাদভযকম্পিতঃ ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.204.20 in Gujarati sript:
તતસ્તા વિદ્રુતા નાર્યઃ સ ચ દૈત્યગણસ્તદા ।
પાતાલમગમત્સર્વો વિષાદભયકમ્પિતઃ ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.204.20 in Malayalam sript:
തതസ്താ വിദ്രുതാ നാര്യഃ സ ച ദൈത്യഗണസ്തദാ ।
പാതാലമഗമത്സര്വോ വിഷാദഭയകമ്പിതഃ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.204.20 in Telugu sript:
తతస్తా విద్రుతా నార్యః స చ దైత్యగణస్తదా ।
పాతాలమగమత్సర్వో విషాదభయకమ్పితః ॥ ౨౦ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: