Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.203.29

गच्छन्त्यास्तु तदा देवाः सर्वे च परमर्षयः ।
कृतमित्येव तत्कार्यं मेनिरे रूपसंपदा ॥ २९ ॥

gacchantyāstu tadā devāḥ sarve ca paramarṣayaḥ |
kṛtamityeva tatkāryaṃ menire rūpasaṃpadā || 29 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...cause numerous obstructions to impede the progress of their asceticism. The celestials repeatedly tempted the brothers by means of every precious possession and the most beautiful girls...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.203.29). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Gacchat, Tada, Deva, Sarva, Paramarshi, Krit, Krita, Iti, Itya, Eva, Tatkarin, Rupasampad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.203.29). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “gacchantyāstu tadā devāḥ sarve ca paramarṣayaḥ
  • gacchantyā -
  • gacchat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [nominative plural], [vocative dual], [vocative plural], [accusative dual], [accusative plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • ās -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    o (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • devāḥ -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    devā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • paramarṣayaḥ -
  • paramarṣi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “kṛtamityeva tatkāryaṃ menire rūpasaṃpadā
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • itye -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    itya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    itya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ityā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √i class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √i class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √i class 2 verb], [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> ityā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √i class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √i class 2 verb]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tatkārya -
  • tatkārin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    tatkārin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ap (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • menire -
  • man (verb class 4)
    [perfect middle third plural]
    man (verb class 8)
    [perfect middle third plural]
  • rūpasampadā -
  • rūpasampad (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.203.29

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.203.29 in Kannada sript:
ಗಚ್ಛನ್ತ್ಯಾಸ್ತು ತದಾ ದೇವಾಃ ಸರ್ವೇ ಚ ಪರಮರ್ಷಯಃ ।
ಕೃತಮಿತ್ಯೇವ ತತ್ಕಾರ್ಯಂ ಮೇನಿರೇ ರೂಪಸಂಪದಾ ॥ ೨೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.203.29 in Bengali sript:
গচ্ছন্ত্যাস্তু তদা দেবাঃ সর্বে চ পরমর্ষযঃ ।
কৃতমিত্যেব তত্কার্যং মেনিরে রূপসংপদা ॥ ২৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.203.29 in Gujarati sript:
ગચ્છન્ત્યાસ્તુ તદા દેવાઃ સર્વે ચ પરમર્ષયઃ ।
કૃતમિત્યેવ તત્કાર્યં મેનિરે રૂપસંપદા ॥ ૨૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.203.29 in Malayalam sript:
ഗച്ഛന്ത്യാസ്തു തദാ ദേവാഃ സര്വേ ച പരമര്ഷയഃ ।
കൃതമിത്യേവ തത്കാര്യം മേനിരേ രൂപസംപദാ ॥ ൨൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.203.29 in Telugu sript:
గచ్ఛన్త్యాస్తు తదా దేవాః సర్వే చ పరమర్షయః ।
కృతమిత్యేవ తత్కార్యం మేనిరే రూపసంపదా ॥ ౨౯ ॥

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