Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.196.3

प्रेष्यतां द्रुपदायाशु नरः कश्चित्प्रियंवदः ।
बहुलं रत्नमादाय तेषामर्थाय भारत ॥ ३ ॥

preṣyatāṃ drupadāyāśu naraḥ kaścitpriyaṃvadaḥ |
bahulaṃ ratnamādāya teṣāmarthāya bhārata || 3 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...inform Vidura of it even by a change of muscle. It was, therefore, O son, that I was applauding the Pandavas in Vidura’s presence, so that he might not know even by a sign what is in my...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.196.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Preshyata, Preshyat, Drupada, Ashu, Nara, Nri, Kah, Cit, Priyamvada, Bahulam, Bahula, Ratna, Ada, Adaya, Tad, Artha, Bharata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.196.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “preṣyatāṃ drupadāyāśu naraḥ kaścitpriyaṃvadaḥ
  • preṣyatām -
  • preṣyatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    pre -> preṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [genitive plural from √pre class 2 verb]
    pre -> preṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [genitive plural from √pre class 2 verb]
    prī -> preṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [genitive plural from √prī class 4 verb], [genitive plural from √prī class 9 verb]
    prī -> preṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [genitive plural from √prī class 4 verb], [genitive plural from √prī class 9 verb]
    preṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative passive third single]
  • drupadāyā -
  • drupada (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    drupada (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • āśu -
  • āśu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    āśu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    āśu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    āśu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    āśu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • kaś -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cit -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • priyaṃvadaḥ -
  • priyaṃvada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “bahulaṃ ratnamādāya teṣāmarthāya bhārata
  • bahulam -
  • bahulam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bahula (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bahula (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bahulā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ratnam -
  • ratna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ratna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ratnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ādāya -
  • ādāya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ādāya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āda (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    āda (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • teṣām -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • arthāya -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.196.3

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.196.3 in Kannada sript:
ಪ್ರೇಷ್ಯತಾಂ ದ್ರುಪದಾಯಾಶು ನರಃ ಕಶ್ಚಿತ್ಪ್ರಿಯಂವದಃ ।
ಬಹುಲಂ ರತ್ನಮಾದಾಯ ತೇಷಾಮರ್ಥಾಯ ಭಾರತ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.196.3 in Bengali sript:
প্রেষ্যতাং দ্রুপদাযাশু নরঃ কশ্চিত্প্রিযংবদঃ ।
বহুলং রত্নমাদায তেষামর্থায ভারত ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.196.3 in Gujarati sript:
પ્રેષ્યતાં દ્રુપદાયાશુ નરઃ કશ્ચિત્પ્રિયંવદઃ ।
બહુલં રત્નમાદાય તેષામર્થાય ભારત ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.196.3 in Malayalam sript:
പ്രേഷ്യതാം ദ്രുപദായാശു നരഃ കശ്ചിത്പ്രിയംവദഃ ।
ബഹുലം രത്നമാദായ തേഷാമര്ഥായ ഭാരത ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.196.3 in Telugu sript:
ప్రేష్యతాం ద్రుపదాయాశు నరః కశ్చిత్ప్రియంవదః ।
బహులం రత్నమాదాయ తేషామర్థాయ భారత ॥ ౩ ॥

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