Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.160.12

अर्थर्क्षपुत्रः कौन्तेय कुरूणामृषभो बली ।
सूर्यमाराधयामास नृपः संवरणः सदा ॥ १२ ॥

artharkṣaputraḥ kaunteya kurūṇāmṛṣabho balī |
sūryamārādhayāmāsa nṛpaḥ saṃvaraṇaḥ sadā || 12 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...the Gandharvas heard the tread of the Pandavas as they approached the river. On hearing the sounds of their foot-steps, the mighty Gandharvas were inflamed with wrath, and beholding those...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.160.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Artha, Riksha, Putra, Kaunteya, Kuru, Rishabha, Balin, Bali, Surya, Aradhaya, Asa, Nripa, Samvarana, Sada, Sad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.160.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “artharkṣaputraḥ kaunteya kurūṇāmṛṣabho balī
  • arthar -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    arth (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ṛkṣa -
  • ṛkṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ṛkṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • putraḥ -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kaunteya -
  • kaunteya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kurūṇām -
  • kuru (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    kuru (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • ṛṣabho* -
  • ṛṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • balī -
  • balī (noun, masculine)
    balī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    balin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bali (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “sūryamārādhayāmāsa nṛpaḥ saṃvaraṇaḥ sadā
  • sūryam -
  • sūrya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sūrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sūryā (noun, feminine)
    sūr -> sūrya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √sūr class 4 verb], [accusative single from √sūr class 10 verb]
    sūr -> sūrya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sūr class 4 verb], [accusative single from √sūr class 4 verb], [nominative single from √sūr class 10 verb], [accusative single from √sūr class 10 verb]
  • ārādhayām -
  • ārādhayā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • āsa -
  • āsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āsa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āsan (noun, neuter)
    as (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • nṛpaḥ -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • saṃvaraṇaḥ -
  • saṃvaraṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sadā -
  • sadā (indeclinable)
    sad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.160.12

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.160.12 in Kannada sript:
ಅರ್ಥರ್ಕ್ಷಪುತ್ರಃ ಕೌನ್ತೇಯ ಕುರೂಣಾಮೃಷಭೋ ಬಲೀ ।
ಸೂರ್ಯಮಾರಾಧಯಾಮಾಸ ನೃಪಃ ಸಂವರಣಃ ಸದಾ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.160.12 in Bengali sript:
অর্থর্ক্ষপুত্রঃ কৌন্তেয কুরূণামৃষভো বলী ।
সূর্যমারাধযামাস নৃপঃ সংবরণঃ সদা ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.160.12 in Gujarati sript:
અર્થર્ક્ષપુત્રઃ કૌન્તેય કુરૂણામૃષભો બલી ।
સૂર્યમારાધયામાસ નૃપઃ સંવરણઃ સદા ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.160.12 in Malayalam sript:
അര്ഥര്ക്ഷപുത്രഃ കൌന്തേയ കുരൂണാമൃഷഭോ ബലീ ।
സൂര്യമാരാധയാമാസ നൃപഃ സംവരണഃ സദാ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 1.160.12 in Telugu sript:
అర్థర్క్షపుత్రః కౌన్తేయ కురూణామృషభో బలీ ।
సూర్యమారాధయామాస నృపః సంవరణః సదా ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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