Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.155.44

तां चापि जातां सुश्रोणीं वागुवाचाशरीरिणी ।
सर्वयोषिद्वरा कृष्णा क्षयं क्षत्रं निनीषति ॥ ४४ ॥

tāṃ cāpi jātāṃ suśroṇīṃ vāguvācāśarīriṇī |
sarvayoṣidvarā kṛṣṇā kṣayaṃ kṣatraṃ ninīṣati || 44 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...said these words unto all the citizens, 'A certain high-souled Brahmana, skilled in mantras, beheld me weeping with my relatives after I had been ordered to supply the Rakshasa’s food...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.155.44). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Capin, Jata, Sushroni, Vaca, Vac, Asharirini, Asharirin, Sarvayoshit, Vara, Krishna, Kshaya, Kshatra, Ninishat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.155.44). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tāṃ cāpi jātāṃ suśroṇīṃ vāguvācāśarīriṇī
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • jātām -
  • jātā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    jan -> jātā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √jan class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jan class 2 verb], [accusative single from √jan class 3 verb], [accusative single from √jan class 4 verb]
  • suśroṇīm -
  • suśroṇī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • vāgu -
  • vāgu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • vācā -
  • vācā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vāca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vāc (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    vācā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aśarīriṇī -
  • aśarīriṇī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    aśarīrin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “sarvayoṣidvarā kṛṣṇā kṣayaṃ kṣatraṃ ninīṣati
  • sarvayoṣid -
  • sarvayoṣit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • varā -
  • varā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛṣṇā -
  • kṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṣayam -
  • kṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kṣatram -
  • kṣatra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ninīṣati -
  • -> ninīṣat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √]
    -> ninīṣat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √]
    (verb class 0)
    [present active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.155.44

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.155.44 in Kannada sript:
ತಾಂ ಚಾಪಿ ಜಾತಾಂ ಸುಶ್ರೋಣೀಂ ವಾಗುವಾಚಾಶರೀರಿಣೀ ।
ಸರ್ವಯೋಷಿದ್ವರಾ ಕೃಷ್ಣಾ ಕ್ಷಯಂ ಕ್ಷತ್ರಂ ನಿನೀಷತಿ ॥ ೪೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.155.44 in Bengali sript:
তাং চাপি জাতাং সুশ্রোণীং বাগুবাচাশরীরিণী ।
সর্বযোষিদ্বরা কৃষ্ণা ক্ষযং ক্ষত্রং নিনীষতি ॥ ৪৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.155.44 in Gujarati sript:
તાં ચાપિ જાતાં સુશ્રોણીં વાગુવાચાશરીરિણી ।
સર્વયોષિદ્વરા કૃષ્ણા ક્ષયં ક્ષત્રં નિનીષતિ ॥ ૪૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.155.44 in Malayalam sript:
താം ചാപി ജാതാം സുശ്രോണീം വാഗുവാചാശരീരിണീ ।
സര്വയോഷിദ്വരാ കൃഷ്ണാ ക്ഷയം ക്ഷത്രം നിനീഷതി ॥ ൪൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.155.44 in Telugu sript:
తాం చాపి జాతాం సుశ్రోణీం వాగువాచాశరీరిణీ ।
సర్వయోషిద్వరా కృష్ణా క్షయం క్షత్రం నినీషతి ॥ ౪౪ ॥

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