Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.128.16

द्रोणेन वैरं द्रुपदः संस्मरन्न शशाम ह ।
क्षात्रेण च बलेनास्य नापश्यत्स पराजयम् ॥ १६ ॥

droṇena vairaṃ drupadaḥ saṃsmaranna śaśāma ha |
kṣātreṇa ca balenāsya nāpaśyatsa parājayam || 16 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text. have grown with me in consequence of our having sported together in childhood in the hermitage. Therefore, O king, I ask for your friendship again. And as a boon (unasked), I give...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.128.16). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Drona, Vaira, Drupada, Samsmarat, Han, Kshatra, Bala, Idam, Nabh, Parajaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.128.16). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “droṇena vairaṃ drupadaḥ saṃsmaranna śaśāma ha
  • droṇena -
  • droṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    droṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • vairam -
  • vaira (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vaira (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vairā (noun, feminine)
  • drupadaḥ -
  • drupada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • saṃsmarann -
  • saṃsmarat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śaśāma -
  • śam (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    śam (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    śaś (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • ha -
  • ha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    han (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “kṣātreṇa ca balenāsya nāpaśyatsa parājayam
  • kṣātreṇa -
  • kṣātra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    kṣātra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • balenā -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • nāp -
  • nābh (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • aśyat -
  • śā (verb class 4)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • parājayam -
  • parājaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.128.16

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.128.16 in Kannada sript:
ದ್ರೋಣೇನ ವೈರಂ ದ್ರುಪದಃ ಸಂಸ್ಮರನ್ನ ಶಶಾಮ ಹ ।
ಕ್ಷಾತ್ರೇಣ ಚ ಬಲೇನಾಸ್ಯ ನಾಪಶ್ಯತ್ಸ ಪರಾಜಯಮ್ ॥ ೧೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.128.16 in Bengali sript:
দ্রোণেন বৈরং দ্রুপদঃ সংস্মরন্ন শশাম হ ।
ক্ষাত্রেণ চ বলেনাস্য নাপশ্যত্স পরাজযম্ ॥ ১৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.128.16 in Gujarati sript:
દ્રોણેન વૈરં દ્રુપદઃ સંસ્મરન્ન શશામ હ ।
ક્ષાત્રેણ ચ બલેનાસ્ય નાપશ્યત્સ પરાજયમ્ ॥ ૧૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.128.16 in Malayalam sript:
ദ്രോണേന വൈരം ദ്രുപദഃ സംസ്മരന്ന ശശാമ ഹ ।
ക്ഷാത്രേണ ച ബലേനാസ്യ നാപശ്യത്സ പരാജയമ് ॥ ൧൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 1.128.16 in Telugu sript:
ద్రోణేన వైరం ద్రుపదః సంస్మరన్న శశామ హ ।
క్షాత్రేణ చ బలేనాస్య నాపశ్యత్స పరాజయమ్ ॥ ౧౬ ॥

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