Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.128.11

अराजा किल नो राज्ञां सखा भवितुमर्हति ।
अतः प्रयतितं राज्ये यज्ञसेन मया तव ॥ ११ ॥

arājā kila no rājñāṃ sakhā bhavitumarhati |
ataḥ prayatitaṃ rājye yajñasena mayā tava || 11 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...our preceptor his fee.' "Vaisampayana continued, 'O king, thus prevented by Arjuna, the mighty Bhimasena, though unsatiated with the exercise of battle, refrained from the act of slaughter...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.128.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Arajan, Kila, Asmad, Rajan, Sakha, Arhat, Atah, Prayatita, Rajya, Yajnasena, Maya, Yushmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.128.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “arājā kila no rājñāṃ sakhā bhavitumarhati
  • arājā -
  • arājan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kila -
  • kila (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    kila (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kil (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • no* -
  • na (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • rājñām -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • sakhā* -
  • sakha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sakhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bhavitum -
  • bhū -> bhavitum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √bhū]
  • arhati -
  • arhat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    arhat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    arh (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • Line 2: “ataḥ prayatitaṃ rājye yajñasena mayā tava
  • ataḥ -
  • ataḥ (indeclinable)
  • prayatitam -
  • prayatita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • rājye -
  • rājya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    rājya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    rājyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [locative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [locative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √rāj], [vocative dual from √rāj], [accusative dual from √rāj], [locative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √rāj], [vocative single from √rāj], [vocative dual from √rāj], [accusative dual from √rāj]
    rāj (verb class 1)
    [present passive first single]
    rāj (verb class 0)
    [present passive first single]
  • yajñasena -
  • yajñasena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mayā -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
  • tava -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.128.11

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.128.11 in Kannada sript:
ಅರಾಜಾ ಕಿಲ ನೋ ರಾಜ್ಞಾಂ ಸಖಾ ಭವಿತುಮರ್ಹತಿ ।
ಅತಃ ಪ್ರಯತಿತಂ ರಾಜ್ಯೇ ಯಜ್ಞಸೇನ ಮಯಾ ತವ ॥ ೧೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.128.11 in Bengali sript:
অরাজা কিল নো রাজ্ঞাং সখা ভবিতুমর্হতি ।
অতঃ প্রযতিতং রাজ্যে যজ্ঞসেন মযা তব ॥ ১১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.128.11 in Gujarati sript:
અરાજા કિલ નો રાજ્ઞાં સખા ભવિતુમર્હતિ ।
અતઃ પ્રયતિતં રાજ્યે યજ્ઞસેન મયા તવ ॥ ૧૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.128.11 in Malayalam sript:
അരാജാ കില നോ രാജ്ഞാം സഖാ ഭവിതുമര്ഹതി ।
അതഃ പ്രയതിതം രാജ്യേ യജ്ഞസേന മയാ തവ ॥ ൧൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 1.128.11 in Telugu sript:
అరాజా కిల నో రాజ్ఞాం సఖా భవితుమర్హతి ।
అతః ప్రయతితం రాజ్యే యజ్ఞసేన మయా తవ ॥ ౧౧ ॥

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