Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.128.9

आश्रमे क्रीडितं यत्तु त्वया बाल्ये मया सह ।
तेन संवर्धितः स्नेहस्त्वया मे क्षत्रियर्षभ ॥ ९ ॥

āśrame krīḍitaṃ yattu tvayā bālye mayā saha |
tena saṃvardhitaḥ snehastvayā me kṣatriyarṣabha || 9 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...might of his arm in the presence of both hosts, sent forth a loud shout and came out of the Pancala ranks. And beholding him returning (with his captive), the princes began to lay waste...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.128.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ashrama, Kridita, Yat, Yad, Tva, Yushmad, Balya, Bali, Maya, Asmad, Saha, Tad, Tena, Samvardhita, Sneha, Kshatriyarshabha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.128.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “āśrame krīḍitaṃ yattu tvayā bālye mayā saha
  • āśrame -
  • āśrama (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    āśrama (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • krīḍitam -
  • krīḍita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    krīḍita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    krīḍitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    krīḍ -> krīḍita (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √krīḍ]
    krīḍ -> krīḍita (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √krīḍ]
    krīḍ -> krīḍitā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √krīḍ]
    krīḍ -> krīḍita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √krīḍ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √krīḍ]
    krīḍ -> krīḍita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √krīḍ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √krīḍ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √krīḍ], [accusative single from √krīḍ]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tvayā -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
  • bālye -
  • bālya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    bālī (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • mayā -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
  • saha -
  • saha (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    saha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sah (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Line 2: “tena saṃvardhitaḥ snehastvayā me kṣatriyarṣabha
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • saṃvardhitaḥ -
  • saṃvardhita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • snehas -
  • sneha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvayā -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • kṣatriyarṣabha -
  • kṣatriyarṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.128.9

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.128.9 in Kannada sript:
ಆಶ್ರಮೇ ಕ್ರೀಡಿತಂ ಯತ್ತು ತ್ವಯಾ ಬಾಲ್ಯೇ ಮಯಾ ಸಹ ।
ತೇನ ಸಂವರ್ಧಿತಃ ಸ್ನೇಹಸ್ತ್ವಯಾ ಮೇ ಕ್ಷತ್ರಿಯರ್ಷಭ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.128.9 in Bengali sript:
আশ্রমে ক্রীডিতং যত্তু ত্বযা বাল্যে মযা সহ ।
তেন সংবর্ধিতঃ স্নেহস্ত্বযা মে ক্ষত্রিযর্ষভ ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.128.9 in Gujarati sript:
આશ્રમે ક્રીડિતં યત્તુ ત્વયા બાલ્યે મયા સહ ।
તેન સંવર્ધિતઃ સ્નેહસ્ત્વયા મે ક્ષત્રિયર્ષભ ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.128.9 in Malayalam sript:
ആശ്രമേ ക്രീഡിതം യത്തു ത്വയാ ബാല്യേ മയാ സഹ ।
തേന സംവര്ധിതഃ സ്നേഹസ്ത്വയാ മേ ക്ഷത്രിയര്ഷഭ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.128.9 in Telugu sript:
ఆశ్రమే క్రీడితం యత్తు త్వయా బాల్యే మయా సహ ।
తేన సంవర్ధితః స్నేహస్త్వయా మే క్షత్రియర్షభ ॥ ౯ ॥

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