Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.128.1

वैशंपायन उवाच ।
ततः शिष्यान्समानीय आचार्यार्थमचोदयत् ।
द्रोणः सर्वानशेषेण दक्षिणार्थं महीपते ॥ १ ॥

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
tataḥ śiṣyānsamānīya ācāryārthamacodayat |
droṇaḥ sarvānaśeṣeṇa dakṣiṇārthaṃ mahīpate || 1 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...lightness of motion, thus covered by that shower of arrows, rubbed his bow-string to increase the force and velocity of his shafts. Then cutting in twain his antagonist’s bow, Arjuna rushed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.128.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vaishampayana, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Shishya, Sama, Samani, Acari, Acarin, Acarya, Artha, Drona, Sarva, Asheshena, Ashesha, Dakshina, Dakshi, Mahipati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.128.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca
  • vaiśampāyana* -
  • vaiśampāyana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “tataḥ śiṣyānsamānīya ācāryārthamacodayat
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • śiṣyān -
  • śiṣya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    śās -> śiṣya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √śās class 2 verb]
    śiṣ -> śiṣya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √śiṣ class 10 verb]
  • samānī -
  • samānī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    sam (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first single]
  • īya -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [optative middle first single]
  • ācāryā -
  • ācārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [instrumental single]
    ācārin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    ācārin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ācārya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ācāryā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ārtham -
  • ārtha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ārtha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    arth (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • acodayat -
  • cud (verb class 0)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • Line 3: “droṇaḥ sarvānaśeṣeṇa dakṣiṇārthaṃ mahīpate
  • droṇaḥ -
  • droṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarvān -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • aśeṣeṇa -
  • aśeṣeṇa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    aśeṣa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    aśeṣa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • dakṣiṇā -
  • dakṣiṇā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dakṣiṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dakṣiṇa (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    dakṣiṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    dakṣi (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • artham -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • mahīpate -
  • mahīpati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.128.1

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.128.1 in Kannada sript:
ವೈಶಂಪಾಯನ ಉವಾಚ ।
ತತಃ ಶಿಷ್ಯಾನ್ಸಮಾನೀಯ ಆಚಾರ್ಯಾರ್ಥಮಚೋದಯತ್ ।
ದ್ರೋಣಃ ಸರ್ವಾನಶೇಷೇಣ ದಕ್ಷಿಣಾರ್ಥಂ ಮಹೀಪತೇ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.128.1 in Bengali sript:
বৈশংপাযন উবাচ ।
ততঃ শিষ্যান্সমানীয আচার্যার্থমচোদযত্ ।
দ্রোণঃ সর্বানশেষেণ দক্ষিণার্থং মহীপতে ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.128.1 in Gujarati sript:
વૈશંપાયન ઉવાચ ।
તતઃ શિષ્યાન્સમાનીય આચાર્યાર્થમચોદયત્ ।
દ્રોણઃ સર્વાનશેષેણ દક્ષિણાર્થં મહીપતે ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.128.1 in Malayalam sript:
വൈശംപായന ഉവാച ।
തതഃ ശിഷ്യാന്സമാനീയ ആചാര്യാര്ഥമചോദയത് ।
ദ്രോണഃ സര്വാനശേഷേണ ദക്ഷിണാര്ഥം മഹീപതേ ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.128.1 in Telugu sript:
వైశంపాయన ఉవాచ ।
తతః శిష్యాన్సమానీయ ఆచార్యార్థమచోదయత్ ।
ద్రోణః సర్వానశేషేణ దక్షిణార్థం మహీపతే ॥ ౧ ॥

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