Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.123.7

ततो द्रोणोऽर्जुनं भूयो रथेषु च गजेषु च ।
अश्वेषु भूमावपि च रणशिक्षामशिक्षयत् ॥ ७ ॥

tato droṇo'rjunaṃ bhūyo ratheṣu ca gajeṣu ca |
aśveṣu bhūmāvapi ca raṇaśikṣāmaśikṣayat || 7 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...set out in their cars on a hunting excursion. A servant, O king, followed the party at leisure, with the usual implements and a dog. Having come to the woods, they wandered about, intent...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.123.7). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Drona, Arjuna, Bhuyah, Bhuyas, Ratha, Gaja, Ashva, Bhuma, Bhumi, Api, Ranashiksha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.123.7). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato droṇo'rjunaṃ bhūyo ratheṣu ca gajeṣu ca
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • droṇo' -
  • droṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • arjunam -
  • arjuna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    arjuna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    arjunā (noun, feminine)
  • bhūyo* -
  • bhūyaḥ (indeclinable)
    bhūyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ratheṣu -
  • ratheṣu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ratha (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gajeṣu -
  • gaja (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “aśveṣu bhūmāvapi ca raṇaśikṣāmaśikṣayat
  • aśveṣu -
  • aśva (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • bhūmāva -
  • bhūma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    bhūmi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    bhūmi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • raṇaśikṣām -
  • raṇaśikṣā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • aśikṣayat -
  • śikṣ (verb class 0)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.123.7

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.123.7 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ದ್ರೋಣೋಽರ್ಜುನಂ ಭೂಯೋ ರಥೇಷು ಚ ಗಜೇಷು ಚ ।
ಅಶ್ವೇಷು ಭೂಮಾವಪಿ ಚ ರಣಶಿಕ್ಷಾಮಶಿಕ್ಷಯತ್ ॥ ೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.123.7 in Bengali sript:
ততো দ্রোণোঽর্জুনং ভূযো রথেষু চ গজেষু চ ।
অশ্বেষু ভূমাবপি চ রণশিক্ষামশিক্ষযত্ ॥ ৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.123.7 in Gujarati sript:
તતો દ્રોણોઽર્જુનં ભૂયો રથેષુ ચ ગજેષુ ચ ।
અશ્વેષુ ભૂમાવપિ ચ રણશિક્ષામશિક્ષયત્ ॥ ૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.123.7 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ ദ്രോണോഽര്ജുനം ഭൂയോ രഥേഷു ച ഗജേഷു ച ।
അശ്വേഷു ഭൂമാവപി ച രണശിക്ഷാമശിക്ഷയത് ॥ ൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 1.123.7 in Telugu sript:
తతో ద్రోణోఽర్జునం భూయో రథేషు చ గజేషు చ ।
అశ్వేషు భూమావపి చ రణశిక్షామశిక్షయత్ ॥ ౭ ॥

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