Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.122.12

कुमारास्त्वथ निष्क्रम्य समेता गजसाह्वयात् ।
क्रीडन्तो वीटया तत्र वीराः पर्यचरन्मुदा ॥ १२ ॥

kumārāstvatha niṣkramya sametā gajasāhvayāt |
krīḍanto vīṭayā tatra vīrāḥ paryacaranmudā || 12 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Drupada, laughing in derision cast me off as if I were a vulgar fellow. Addressing me he said, 'Your intelligence scarcely seems to be of a high order inasmuch as approaching me suddenly...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.122.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kumara, Yushmad, Han, Sameta, Gajasahvaya, Kridat, Vita, Tatra, Vira, Pari, Acarat, Mud, Muda,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.122.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kumārāstvatha niṣkramya sametā gajasāhvayāt
  • kumārās -
  • kumāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kumārā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tvat -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [ablative single]
  • ha -
  • ha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    han (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse niṣkramya*sa
  • sametā* -
  • sameta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sametā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • gajasāhvayāt -
  • gajasāhvaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • Line 2: “krīḍanto vīṭayā tatra vīrāḥ paryacaranmudā
  • krīḍanto* -
  • krīḍat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    krīḍ -> krīḍat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √krīḍ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √krīḍ class 1 verb]
  • vīṭayā -
  • vīṭā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
  • vīrāḥ -
  • vīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vīrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • parya -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [compound]
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single], [nominative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pari (Preverb)
  • acaran -
  • acarat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [compound]
    car (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural], [imperfect active third single]
    acarat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • mudā -
  • mud (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    mudā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.122.12

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.122.12 in Kannada sript:
ಕುಮಾರಾಸ್ತ್ವಥ ನಿಷ್ಕ್ರಮ್ಯ ಸಮೇತಾ ಗಜಸಾಹ್ವಯಾತ್ ।
ಕ್ರೀಡನ್ತೋ ವೀಟಯಾ ತತ್ರ ವೀರಾಃ ಪರ್ಯಚರನ್ಮುದಾ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.122.12 in Bengali sript:
কুমারাস্ত্বথ নিষ্ক্রম্য সমেতা গজসাহ্বযাত্ ।
ক্রীডন্তো বীটযা তত্র বীরাঃ পর্যচরন্মুদা ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.122.12 in Gujarati sript:
કુમારાસ્ત્વથ નિષ્ક્રમ્ય સમેતા ગજસાહ્વયાત્ ।
ક્રીડન્તો વીટયા તત્ર વીરાઃ પર્યચરન્મુદા ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.122.12 in Malayalam sript:
കുമാരാസ്ത്വഥ നിഷ്ക്രമ്യ സമേതാ ഗജസാഹ്വയാത് ।
ക്രീഡന്തോ വീടയാ തത്ര വീരാഃ പര്യചരന്മുദാ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.122.12 in Telugu sript:
కుమారాస్త్వథ నిష్క్రమ్య సమేతా గజసాహ్వయాత్ ।
క్రీడన్తో వీటయా తత్ర వీరాః పర్యచరన్ముదా ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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