Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.121.18

राम उवाच ।
हिरण्यं मम यच्चान्यद्वसु किंचन विद्यते ।
ब्राह्मणेभ्यो मया दत्तं सर्वमेव तपोधन ॥ १८ ॥

rāma uvāca |
hiraṇyaṃ mama yaccānyadvasu kiṃcana vidyate |
brāhmaṇebhyo mayā dattaṃ sarvameva tapodhana || 18 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...earliest years we had studied together and, indeed, he was my friend from boyhood, always speaking and doing what was agreeable to me. For gratifying me, O Bhishma, he used to tell...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.121.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Rama, Hiranya, Asmad, Yat, Yad, Advan, Kincana, Brahmana, Maya, Datta, Sarvam, Sarva, Eva, Tapodhana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.121.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rāma uvāca
  • rāma* -
  • rāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active first plural]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “hiraṇyaṃ mama yaccānyadvasu kiṃcana vidyate
  • hiraṇyam -
  • hiraṇya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    hiraṇya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    hiraṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • yac -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • cānya -
  • cam -> cānya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √cam]
    cam -> cānya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √cam]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • advasu -
  • advan (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    advan (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • kiñcana -
  • kiñcana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kiñcana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vidyate -
  • vid (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 6)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 7)
    [present passive third single]
  • Line 3: “brāhmaṇebhyo mayā dattaṃ sarvameva tapodhana
  • brāhmaṇebhyo* -
  • brāhmaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    brāhmaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • mayā* -
  • maya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dattam -
  • datta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    datta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dattā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (verb class 3)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tapodhana -
  • tapodhana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tapodhana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.121.18

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.121.18 in Kannada sript:
ರಾಮ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಹಿರಣ್ಯಂ ಮಮ ಯಚ್ಚಾನ್ಯದ್ವಸು ಕಿಂಚನ ವಿದ್ಯತೇ ।
ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣೇಭ್ಯೋ ಮಯಾ ದತ್ತಂ ಸರ್ವಮೇವ ತಪೋಧನ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.121.18 in Bengali sript:
রাম উবাচ ।
হিরণ্যং মম যচ্চান্যদ্বসু কিংচন বিদ্যতে ।
ব্রাহ্মণেভ্যো মযা দত্তং সর্বমেব তপোধন ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.121.18 in Gujarati sript:
રામ ઉવાચ ।
હિરણ્યં મમ યચ્ચાન્યદ્વસુ કિંચન વિદ્યતે ।
બ્રાહ્મણેભ્યો મયા દત્તં સર્વમેવ તપોધન ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.121.18 in Malayalam sript:
രാമ ഉവാച ।
ഹിരണ്യം മമ യച്ചാന്യദ്വസു കിംചന വിദ്യതേ ।
ബ്രാഹ്മണേഭ്യോ മയാ ദത്തം സര്വമേവ തപോധന ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.121.18 in Telugu sript:
రామ ఉవాచ ।
హిరణ్యం మమ యచ్చాన్యద్వసు కించన విద్యతే ।
బ్రాహ్మణేభ్యో మయా దత్తం సర్వమేవ తపోధన ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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