Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.119.31

दिवसान्ते परिश्रान्ता विहृत्य च कुरूद्वहाः ।
विहारावसथेष्वेव वीरा वासमरोचयन् ॥ ३१ ॥

divasānte pariśrāntā vihṛtya ca kurūdvahāḥ |
vihārāvasatheṣveva vīrā vāsamarocayan || 31 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...been audible all around. The child shall, therefore, be known by the name of Asvatthaman, (the horse-voiced).' The son of Bharadvaja (Drona) was exceedingly glad at having obtained that...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.119.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Divasa, Tad, Yushmad, Parishranta, Kuru, Udvaha, Viharavasatha, Eva, Vira, Vasa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.119.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “divasānte pariśrāntā vihṛtya ca kurūdvahāḥ
  • divasān -
  • divasa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • pariśrāntā* -
  • pariśrānta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pariśrāntā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vihṛtya -
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kurū -
  • kuru (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kuru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [imperative active second single]
  • udvahāḥ -
  • udvaha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    udvahā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “vihārāvasatheṣveva vīrā vāsamarocayan
  • vihārāvasatheṣve -
  • vihārāvasatha (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vīrā* -
  • vīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vīrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vāsam -
  • vāsa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāsā (noun, feminine)
  • arocayan -
  • ruc (verb class 0)
    [imperfect active third plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.119.31

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.119.31 in Kannada sript:
ದಿವಸಾನ್ತೇ ಪರಿಶ್ರಾನ್ತಾ ವಿಹೃತ್ಯ ಚ ಕುರೂದ್ವಹಾಃ ।
ವಿಹಾರಾವಸಥೇಷ್ವೇವ ವೀರಾ ವಾಸಮರೋಚಯನ್ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.119.31 in Bengali sript:
দিবসান্তে পরিশ্রান্তা বিহৃত্য চ কুরূদ্বহাঃ ।
বিহারাবসথেষ্বেব বীরা বাসমরোচযন্ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.119.31 in Gujarati sript:
દિવસાન્તે પરિશ્રાન્તા વિહૃત્ય ચ કુરૂદ્વહાઃ ।
વિહારાવસથેષ્વેવ વીરા વાસમરોચયન્ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.119.31 in Malayalam sript:
ദിവസാന്തേ പരിശ്രാന്താ വിഹൃത്യ ച കുരൂദ്വഹാഃ ।
വിഹാരാവസഥേഷ്വേവ വീരാ വാസമരോചയന് ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 1.119.31 in Telugu sript:
దివసాన్తే పరిశ్రాన్తా విహృత్య చ కురూద్వహాః ।
విహారావసథేష్వేవ వీరా వాసమరోచయన్ ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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