Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.119.24

ततो बलमतिख्यातं धार्तराष्ट्रः प्रतापवान् ।
भीमसेनस्य तज्ज्ञात्वा दुष्टभावमदर्शयत् ॥ २४ ॥

tato balamatikhyātaṃ dhārtarāṣṭraḥ pratāpavān |
bhīmasenasya tajjñātvā duṣṭabhāvamadarśayat || 24 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...Bharata’s race, the Rishi (Agnivesa) sprung from fire now communicated the knowledge of that great weapon to Drona the son of his preceptor. "There was a king named Prishata who was a great...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.119.24). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Bala, Ati, Khyata, Dhartarashtra, Pratapavat, Bhimasena, Tajjna, Var, Dushtabhava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.119.24). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato balamatikhyātaṃ dhārtarāṣṭraḥ pratāpavān
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • balam -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    balā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ati (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • khyātam -
  • khyāta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    khyāta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    khyātā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    khyā -> khyāta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √khyā class 2 verb]
    khyā -> khyāta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √khyā class 2 verb], [accusative single from √khyā class 2 verb]
    khyā (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • dhārtarāṣṭraḥ -
  • dhārtarāṣṭra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pratāpavān -
  • pratāpavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “bhīmasenasya tajjñātvā duṣṭabhāvamadarśayat
  • bhīmasenasya -
  • bhīmasena (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • tajjñāt -
  • tajjña (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    tajjña (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • duṣṭabhāvam -
  • duṣṭabhāva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duṣṭabhāva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duṣṭabhāvā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • adarśayat -
  • dṛś (verb class 0)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.119.24

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.119.24 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ಬಲಮತಿಖ್ಯಾತಂ ಧಾರ್ತರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಃ ಪ್ರತಾಪವಾನ್ ।
ಭೀಮಸೇನಸ್ಯ ತಜ್ಜ್ಞಾತ್ವಾ ದುಷ್ಟಭಾವಮದರ್ಶಯತ್ ॥ ೨೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.119.24 in Bengali sript:
ততো বলমতিখ্যাতং ধার্তরাষ্ট্রঃ প্রতাপবান্ ।
ভীমসেনস্য তজ্জ্ঞাত্বা দুষ্টভাবমদর্শযত্ ॥ ২৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.119.24 in Gujarati sript:
તતો બલમતિખ્યાતં ધાર્તરાષ્ટ્રઃ પ્રતાપવાન્ ।
ભીમસેનસ્ય તજ્જ્ઞાત્વા દુષ્ટભાવમદર્શયત્ ॥ ૨૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.119.24 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ ബലമതിഖ്യാതം ധാര്തരാഷ്ട്രഃ പ്രതാപവാന് ।
ഭീമസേനസ്യ തജ്ജ്ഞാത്വാ ദുഷ്ടഭാവമദര്ശയത് ॥ ൨൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.119.24 in Telugu sript:
తతో బలమతిఖ్యాతం ధార్తరాష్ట్రః ప్రతాపవాన్ ।
భీమసేనస్య తజ్జ్ఞాత్వా దుష్టభావమదర్శయత్ ॥ ౨౪ ॥

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