Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.94.46

स गत्वा पितरं तस्या वरयामास तां तदा ।
पर्यपृच्छत्ततस्तस्याः पितरं चात्मकारणात् ॥ ४६ ॥

sa gatvā pitaraṃ tasyā varayāmāsa tāṃ tadā |
paryapṛcchattatastasyāḥ pitaraṃ cātmakāraṇāt || 46 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...choice ceremony. Therefore, you monarchs, I bear away these maidens hence by force. Strive you, to the best of your might, to vanquish me or to be vanquished. You monarchs, I stand...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.94.46). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pitri, Tada, Pari, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Makara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.94.46). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa gatvā pitaraṃ tasyā varayāmāsa tāṃ tadā
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gatvā -
  • gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
  • pitaram -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • tasyā* -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • varayāmā -
  • vṛ (verb class 0)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • asa -
  • asan (noun, neuter)
    [compound]
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “paryapṛcchattatastasyāḥ pitaraṃ cātmakāraṇāt
  • parya -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pari (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • apṛcchat -
  • praś (verb class 6)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tasyāḥ -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • pitaram -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • cāt -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • makāra -
  • makāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ṇāt -
  • ṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.94.46

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.94.46 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ಗತ್ವಾ ಪಿತರಂ ತಸ್ಯಾ ವರಯಾಮಾಸ ತಾಂ ತದಾ ।
ಪರ್ಯಪೃಚ್ಛತ್ತತಸ್ತಸ್ಯಾಃ ಪಿತರಂ ಚಾತ್ಮಕಾರಣಾತ್ ॥ ೪೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.94.46 in Bengali sript:
স গত্বা পিতরং তস্যা বরযামাস তাং তদা ।
পর্যপৃচ্ছত্ততস্তস্যাঃ পিতরং চাত্মকারণাত্ ॥ ৪৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.94.46 in Gujarati sript:
સ ગત્વા પિતરં તસ્યા વરયામાસ તાં તદા ।
પર્યપૃચ્છત્તતસ્તસ્યાઃ પિતરં ચાત્મકારણાત્ ॥ ૪૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.94.46 in Malayalam sript:
സ ഗത്വാ പിതരം തസ്യാ വരയാമാസ താം തദാ ।
പര്യപൃച്ഛത്തതസ്തസ്യാഃ പിതരം ചാത്മകാരണാത് ॥ ൪൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.94.46 in Telugu sript:
స గత్వా పితరం తస్యా వరయామాస తాం తదా ।
పర్యపృచ్ఛత్తతస్తస్యాః పితరం చాత్మకారణాత్ ॥ ౪౬ ॥

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