Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
sa evaṃ śaṃtanurdhīmāndevarājarṣisatkṛtaḥ |
dharmātmā sarvalokeṣu satyavāgiti viśrutaḥ || 1 ||
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damo dānaṃ kṣamā buddhirhrīrdhṛtisteja uttamam |
nityānyāsanmahāsattve śaṃtanau puruṣarṣabhe || 2 ||
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evaṃ sa guṇasaṃpanno dharmārthakuśalo nṛpaḥ |
āsīdbharatavaṃśasya goptā sādhujanasya ca || 3 ||
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kambugrīvaḥ pṛthuvyaṃso mattavāraṇavikramaḥ |
dharma eva paraḥ kāmādarthācceti vyavasthitaḥ || 4 ||
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etānyāsanmahāsattve śaṃtanau bharatarṣabha |
na cāsya sadṛśaḥ kaścitkṣatriyo dharmato'bhavat || 5 ||
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vartamānaṃ hi dharme sve sarvadharmavidāṃ varam |
taṃ mahīpā mahīpālaṃ rājarājye'bhyaṣecayan || 6 ||
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vītaśokabhayābādhāḥ sukhasvapnavibodhanāḥ |
prati bhāratagoptāraṃ samapadyanta bhūmipāḥ || 7 ||
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śaṃtanupramukhairgupte loke nṛpatibhistadā |
niyamātsarvavarṇānāṃ brahmottaramavartata || 8 ||
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brahma paryacaratkṣatraṃ viśaḥ kṣatramanuvratāḥ |
brahmakṣatrānuraktāśca śūdrāḥ paryacaranviśaḥ || 9 ||
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sa hāstinapure ramye kurūṇāṃ puṭabhedane |
vasansāgaraparyantāmanvaśādvai vasuṃdharām || 10 ||
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sa devarājasadṛśo dharmajñaḥ satyavāgṛjuḥ |
dānadharmatapoyogācchriyā paramayā yutaḥ || 11 ||
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arāgadveṣasaṃyuktaḥ somavatpriyadarśanaḥ |
tejasā sūryasaṃkāśo vāyuvegasamo jave |
antakapratimaḥ kope kṣamayā pṛthivīsamaḥ || 12 ||
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vadhaḥ paśuvarāhāṇāṃ tathaiva mṛgapakṣiṇām |
śaṃtanau pṛthivīpāle nāvartata vṛthā nṛpa || 13 ||
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dharmabrahmottare rājye śaṃtanurvinayātmavān |
samaṃ śaśāsa bhūtāni kāmarāgavivarjitaḥ || 14 ||
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devarṣipitṛyajñārthamārabhyanta tadā kriyāḥ |
na cādharmeṇa keṣāṃcitprāṇināmabhavadvadhaḥ || 15 ||
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asukhānāmanāthānāṃ tiryagyoniṣu vartatām |
sa eva rājā bhūtānāṃ sarveṣāmabhavatpitā || 16 ||
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tasminkurupatiśreṣṭhe rājarājeśvare sati |
śritā vāgabhavatsatyaṃ dānadharmāśritaṃ manaḥ || 17 ||
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sa samāḥ ṣoḍaśāṣṭau ca catasro'ṣṭau tathāparāḥ |
ratimaprāpnuvanstrīṣu babhūva vanagocaraḥ || 18 ||
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tathārūpastathācārastathāvṛttastathāśrutaḥ |
gāṅgeyastasya putro'bhūnnāmnā devavrato vasuḥ || 19 ||
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sarvāstreṣu sa niṣṇātaḥ pārthiveṣvitareṣu ca |
mahābalo mahāsattvo mahāvīryo mahārathaḥ || 20 ||
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sa kadācinmṛgaṃ viddhvā gaṅgāmanusarannadīm |
bhāgīrathīmalpajalāṃ śaṃtanurdṛṣṭavānnṛpaḥ || 21 ||
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tāṃ dṛṣṭvā cintayāmāsa śaṃtanuḥ puruṣarṣabhaḥ |
syandate kiṃ nviyaṃ nādya saricchreṣṭhā yathā purā || 22 ||
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tato nimittamanvicchandadarśa sa mahāmanāḥ |
kumāraṃ rūpasaṃpannaṃ bṛhantaṃ cārudarśanam || 23 ||
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divyamastraṃ vikurvāṇaṃ yathā devaṃ puraṃdaram |
kṛtsnāṃ gaṅgāṃ samāvṛtya śaraistīkṣṇairavasthitam || 24 ||
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tāṃ śarairāvṛtāṃ dṛṣṭvā nadīṃ gaṅgāṃ tadantike |
abhavadvismito rājā karma dṛṣṭvātimānuṣam || 25 ||
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jātamātraṃ purā dṛṣṭaṃ taṃ putraṃ śaṃtanustadā |
nopalebhe smṛtiṃ dhīmānabhijñātuṃ tamātmajam || 26 ||
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sa tu taṃ pitaraṃ dṛṣṭvā mohayāmāsa māyayā |
saṃmohya tu tataḥ kṣipraṃ tatraivāntaradhīyata || 27 ||
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tadadbhutaṃ tadā dṛṣṭvā tatra rājā sa śaṃtanuḥ |
śaṅkamānaḥ sutaṃ gaṅgāmabravīddarśayeti ha || 28 ||
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darśayāmāsa taṃ gaṅgā bibhratī rūpamuttamam |
gṛhītvā dakṣiṇe pāṇau taṃ kumāramalaṃkṛtam || 29 ||
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alaṃkṛtāmābharaṇairarajombaradhāriṇīm |
dṛṣṭapūrvāmapi satīṃ nābhyajānātsa śaṃtanuḥ || 30 ||
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gaṅgovāca |
yaṃ putramaṣṭamaṃ rājaṃstvaṃ purā mayyajāyithāḥ |
sa te'yaṃ puruṣavyāghra nayasvainaṃ gṛhāntikam || 31 ||
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vedānadhijage sāṅgānvasiṣṭhādeva vīryavān |
kṛtāstraḥ parameṣvāso devarājasamo yudhi || 32 ||
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surāṇāṃ saṃmato nityamasurāṇāṃ ca bhārata |
uśanā veda yacchāstramayaṃ tadveda sarvaśaḥ || 33 ||
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tathaivāṅgirasaḥ putraḥ surāsuranamaskṛtaḥ |
yadveda śāstraṃ taccāpi kṛtsnamasminpratiṣṭhitam |
tava putre mahābāhau sāṅgopāṅgaṃ mahātmani || 34 ||
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ṛṣiḥ parairanādhṛṣyo jāmadagnyaḥ pratāpavān |
yadastraṃ veda rāmaśca tadapyasminpratiṣṭhitam || 35 ||
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maheṣvāsamimaṃ rājanrājadharmārthakovidam |
mayā dattaṃ nijaṃ putraṃ vīraṃ vīra gṛhānnaya || 36 ||
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vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
tayaivaṃ samanujñātaḥ putramādāya śaṃtanuḥ |
bhrājamānaṃ yathādityamāyayau svapuraṃ prati || 37 ||
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pauravaḥ svapuraṃ gatvā puraṃdarapuropamam |
sarvakāmasamṛddhārthaṃ mene ātmānamātmanā |
pauraveṣu tataḥ putraṃ yauvarājye'bhyaṣecayat || 38 ||
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pauravāñśaṃtanoḥ putraḥ pitaraṃ ca mahāyaśāḥ |
rāṣṭraṃ ca rañjayāmāsa vṛttena bharatarṣabha || 39 ||
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sa tathā saha putreṇa ramamāṇo mahīpatiḥ |
vartayāmāsa varṣāṇi catvāryamitavikramaḥ || 40 ||
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sa kadācidvanaṃ yāto yamunāmabhito nadīm |
mahīpatiranirdeśyamājighradgandhamuttamam || 41 ||
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tasya prabhavamanvicchanvicacāra samantataḥ |
sa dadarśa tadā kanyāṃ dāśānāṃ devarūpiṇīm || 42 ||
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tāmapṛcchatsa dṛṣṭvaiva kanyāmasitalocanām |
kasya tvamasi kā cāsi kiṃ ca bhīru cikīrṣasi || 43 ||
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sābravīddāśakanyāsmi dharmārthaṃ vāhaye tarīm |
piturniyogādbhadraṃ te dāśarājño mahātmanaḥ || 44 ||
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rūpamādhuryagandhaistāṃ saṃyuktāṃ devarūpiṇīm |
samīkṣya rājā dāśeyīṃ kāmayāmāsa śaṃtanuḥ || 45 ||
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sa gatvā pitaraṃ tasyā varayāmāsa tāṃ tadā |
paryapṛcchattatastasyāḥ pitaraṃ cātmakāraṇāt || 46 ||
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sa ca taṃ pratyuvācedaṃ dāśarājo mahīpatim |
jātamātraiva me deyā varāya varavarṇinī |
hṛdi kāmastu me kaścittaṃ nibodha janeśvara || 47 ||
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yadīmāṃ dharmapatnīṃ tvaṃ mattaḥ prārthayase'nagha |
satyavāgasi satyena samayaṃ kuru me tataḥ || 48 ||
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samayena pradadyāṃ te kanyāmahamimāṃ nṛpa |
na hi me tvatsamaḥ kaścidvaro jātu bhaviṣyati || 49 ||
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śaṃtanuruvāca |
śrutvā tava varaṃ dāśa vyavasyeyamahaṃ na vā |
dātavyaṃ cetpradāsyāmi na tvadeyaṃ kathaṃcana || 50 ||
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dāśa uvāca |
asyāṃ jāyeta yaḥ putraḥ sa rājā pṛthivīpatiḥ |
tvadūrdhvamabhiṣektavyo nānyaḥ kaścana pārthiva || 51 ||
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vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
nākāmayata taṃ dātuṃ varaṃ dāśāya śaṃtanuḥ |
śarīrajena tīvreṇa dahyamāno'pi bhārata || 52 ||
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sa cintayanneva tadā dāśakanyāṃ mahīpatiḥ |
pratyayāddhāstinapuraṃ śokopahatacetanaḥ || 53 ||
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tataḥ kadācicchocantaṃ śaṃtanuṃ dhyānamāsthitam |
putro devavrato'bhyetya pitaraṃ vākyamabravīt || 54 ||
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sarvato bhavataḥ kṣemaṃ vidheyāḥ sarvapārthivāḥ |
tatkimarthamihābhīkṣṇaṃ pariśocasi duḥkhitaḥ |
dhyāyanniva ca kiṃ rājannābhibhāṣasi kiṃcana || 55 ||
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evamuktaḥ sa putreṇa śaṃtanuḥ pratyabhāṣata |
asaṃśayaṃ dhyānaparaṃ yathā māttha tathāsmyuta || 56 ||
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apatyaṃ nastvamevaikaḥ kule mahati bhārata |
anityatā ca martyānāmataḥ śocāmi putraka || 57 ||
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kathaṃcittava gāṅgeya vipattau nāsti naḥ kulam |
asaṃśayaṃ tvamevaikaḥ śatādapi varaḥ sutaḥ || 58 ||
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na cāpyahaṃ vṛthā bhūyo dārānkartumihotsahe |
saṃtānasyāvināśāya kāmaye bhadramastu te |
anapatyataikaputratvamityāhurdharmavādinaḥ || 59 ||
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agnihotraṃ trayo vedā yajñāśca sahadakṣiṇāḥ |
sarvāṇyetānyapatyasya kalāṃ nārhanti ṣoḍaśīm || 60 ||
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evameva manuṣyeṣu syācca sarvaprajāsvapi |
yadapatyaṃ mahāprājña tatra me nāsti saṃśayaḥ |
eṣā trayī purāṇānāmuttamānāṃ ca śāśvatī || 61 ||
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tvaṃ ca śūraḥ sadāmarṣī śastranityaśca bhārata |
nānyatra śastrāttasmātte nidhanaṃ vidyate'nagha || 62 ||
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so'smi saṃśayamāpannastvayi śānte kathaṃ bhavet |
iti te kāraṇaṃ tāta duḥkhasyoktamaśeṣataḥ || 63 ||
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tatastatkāraṇaṃ jñātvā kṛtsnaṃ caivamaśeṣataḥ |
devavrato mahābuddhiḥ prayayāvanucintayan || 64 ||
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abhyagacchattadaivāśu vṛddhāmātyaṃ piturhitam |
tamapṛcchattadābhyetya pitustacchokakāraṇam || 65 ||
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tasmai sa kurumukhyāya yathāvatparipṛcchate |
varaṃ śaśaṃsa kanyāṃ tāmuddiśya bharatarṣabha || 66 ||
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tato devavrato vṛddhaiḥ kṣatriyaiḥ sahitastadā |
abhigamya dāśarājānaṃ kanyāṃ vavre pituḥ svayam || 67 ||
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taṃ dāśaḥ pratijagrāha vidhivatpratipūjya ca |
abravīccainamāsīnaṃ rājasaṃsadi bhārata || 68 ||
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tvameva nāthaḥ paryāptaḥ śaṃtanoḥ puruṣarṣabha |
putraḥ putravatāṃ śreṣṭhaḥ kiṃ nu vakṣyāmi te vacaḥ || 69 ||
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ko hi saṃbandhakaṃ ślāghyamīpsitaṃ yaunamīdṛśam |
atikrāmanna tapyeta sākṣādapi śatakratuḥ || 70 ||
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apatyaṃ caitadāryasya yo yuṣmākaṃ samo guṇaiḥ |
yasya śukrātsatyavatī prādurbhūtā yaśasvinī || 71 ||
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tena me bahuśastāta pitā te parikīrtitaḥ |
arhaḥ satyavatīṃ voḍhuṃ sarvarājasu bhārata || 72 ||
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asito hyapi devarṣiḥ pratyākhyātaḥ purā mayā |
satyavatyā bhṛśaṃ hyarthī sa āsīdṛṣisattamaḥ || 73 ||
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kanyāpitṛtvātkiṃcittu vakṣyāmi bharatarṣabha |
balavatsapatnatāmatra doṣaṃ paśyāmi kevalam || 74 ||
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yasya hi tvaṃ sapatnaḥ syā gandharvasyāsurasya vā |
na sa jātu sukhaṃ jīvettvayi kruddhe paraṃtapa || 75 ||
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etāvānatra doṣo hi nānyaḥ kaścana pārthiva |
etajjānīhi bhadraṃ te dānādāne paraṃtapa || 76 ||
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evamuktastu gāṅgeyastadyuktaṃ pratyabhāṣata |
śṛṇvatāṃ bhūmipālānāṃ piturarthāya bhārata || 77 ||
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idaṃ me matamādatsva satyaṃ satyavatāṃ vara |
naiva jāto na vājāta īdṛśaṃ vaktumutsahet || 78 ||
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evametatkariṣyāmi yathā tvamanubhāṣase |
yo'syāṃ janiṣyate putraḥ sa no rājā bhaviṣyati || 79 ||
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ityuktaḥ punarevātha taṃ dāśaḥ pratyabhāṣata |
cikīrṣurduṣkaraṃ karma rājyārthe bharatarṣabha || 80 ||
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tvameva nāthaḥ paryāptaḥ śaṃtanoramitadyuteḥ |
kanyāyāścaiva dharmātmanprabhurdānāya ceśvaraḥ || 81 ||
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idaṃ tu vacanaṃ saumya kāryaṃ caiva nibodha me |
kaumārikāṇāṃ śīlena vakṣyāmyahamariṃdama || 82 ||
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yattvayā satyavatyarthe satyadharmaparāyaṇa |
rājamadhye pratijñātamanurūpaṃ tavaiva tat || 83 ||
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nānyathā tanmahābāho saṃśayo'tra na kaścana |
tavāpatyaṃ bhavedyattu tatra naḥ saṃśayo mahān || 84 ||
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tasya tanmatamājñāya satyadharmaparāyaṇaḥ |
pratyajānāttadā rājanpituḥ priyacikīrṣayā || 85 ||
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devavrata uvāca |
dāśarāja nibodhedaṃ vacanaṃ me nṛpottama |
śṛṇvatāṃ bhūmipālānāṃ yadbravīmi pituḥ kṛte || 86 ||
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rājyaṃ tāvatpūrvameva mayā tyaktaṃ narādhipa |
apatyahetorapi ca karomyeṣa viniścayam || 87 ||
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adya prabhṛti me dāśa brahmacaryaṃ bhaviṣyati |
aputrasyāpi me lokā bhaviṣyantyakṣayā divi || 88 ||
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vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
tasya tadvacanaṃ śrutvā saṃprahṛṣṭatanūruhaḥ |
dadānītyeva taṃ dāśo dharmātmā pratyabhāṣata || 89 ||
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tato'ntarikṣe'psaraso devāḥ sarṣigaṇāstathā |
abhyavarṣanta kusumairbhīṣmo'yamiti cābruvan || 90 ||
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tataḥ sa piturarthāya tāmuvāca yaśasvinīm |
adhiroha rathaṃ mātargacchāvaḥ svagṛhāniti || 91 ||
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evamuktvā tu bhīṣmastāṃ rathamāropya bhāminīm |
āgamya hāstinapuraṃ śaṃtanoḥ saṃnyavedayat || 92 ||
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tasya tadduṣkaraṃ karma praśaśaṃsurnarādhipāḥ |
sametāśca pṛthakcaiva bhīṣmo'yamiti cābruvan || 93 ||
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taddṛṣṭvā duṣkaraṃ karma kṛtaṃ bhīṣmeṇa śaṃtanuḥ |
svacchandamaraṇaṃ tasmai dadau tuṣṭaḥ pitā svayam || 94 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 94

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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