Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.93.23

तस्या हेतोर्महाभाग सवत्सां गां ममेप्सिताम् ।
आनयस्वामरश्रेष्ठ त्वरितं पुण्यवर्धन ॥ २३ ॥

tasyā hetormahābhāga savatsāṃ gāṃ mamepsitām |
ānayasvāmaraśreṣṭha tvaritaṃ puṇyavardhana || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...celestial form endued with beauty, amiableness, and such fragrance, desired her for his wife. And repairing unto her father, the king solicited his consent to the proposed match. But the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.93.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hetu, Mahabhaga, Savatsa, Asmad, Mama, Ipsita, Amara, Shreshtha, Tvarita, Punyavardhana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.93.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasyā hetormahābhāga savatsāṃ gāṃ mamepsitām
  • tasyā* -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • hetor -
  • hetu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • mahābhāga -
  • mahābhāga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahābhāga (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • savatsām -
  • savatsā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • gām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    go (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [injunctive active first single]
    (verb class 3)
    [injunctive active first single]
  • mame -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    mamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural], [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural], [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural], [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural], [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • īpsitām -
  • īpsitā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    āp -> īpsitā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √āp]
  • Line 2: “ānayasvāmaraśreṣṭha tvaritaṃ puṇyavardhana
  • ānayasvā -
  • an (verb class 0)
    [imperative middle second single]
  • amara -
  • amara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śreṣṭha -
  • śreṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śreṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tvaritam -
  • tvarita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tvarita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tvaritā (noun, feminine)
    tvar -> tvarita (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √tvar]
    tvar -> tvarita (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √tvar]
    tvar -> tvaritā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √tvar]
    tvar -> tvarita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √tvar class 1 verb], [accusative single from √tvar]
    tvar -> tvarita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √tvar class 1 verb], [accusative single from √tvar class 1 verb], [nominative single from √tvar], [accusative single from √tvar]
  • puṇyavardhana -
  • puṇyavardhana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṇyavardhana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.93.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.93.23 in Kannada sript:
ತಸ್ಯಾ ಹೇತೋರ್ಮಹಾಭಾಗ ಸವತ್ಸಾಂ ಗಾಂ ಮಮೇಪ್ಸಿತಾಮ್ ।
ಆನಯಸ್ವಾಮರಶ್ರೇಷ್ಠ ತ್ವರಿತಂ ಪುಣ್ಯವರ್ಧನ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.93.23 in Bengali sript:
তস্যা হেতোর্মহাভাগ সবত্সাং গাং মমেপ্সিতাম্ ।
আনযস্বামরশ্রেষ্ঠ ত্বরিতং পুণ্যবর্ধন ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.93.23 in Gujarati sript:
તસ્યા હેતોર્મહાભાગ સવત્સાં ગાં મમેપ્સિતામ્ ।
આનયસ્વામરશ્રેષ્ઠ ત્વરિતં પુણ્યવર્ધન ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.93.23 in Malayalam sript:
തസ്യാ ഹേതോര്മഹാഭാഗ സവത്സാം ഗാം മമേപ്സിതാമ് ।
ആനയസ്വാമരശ്രേഷ്ഠ ത്വരിതം പുണ്യവര്ധന ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 1.93.23 in Telugu sript:
తస్యా హేతోర్మహాభాగ సవత్సాం గాం మమేప్సితామ్ ।
ఆనయస్వామరశ్రేష్ఠ త్వరితం పుణ్యవర్ధన ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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