Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.84.18

तत्रस्थं मां देवसुखेषु सक्तं कालेऽतीते महति ततोऽतिमात्रम् ।
दूतो देवानामब्रवीदुग्ररूपो ध्वंसेत्युच्चैस्त्रिः प्लुतेन स्वरेण ॥ १८ ॥

tatrasthaṃ māṃ devasukheṣu saktaṃ kāle'tīte mahati tato'timātram |
dūto devānāmabravīdugrarūpo dhvaṃsetyuccaistriḥ plutena svareṇa || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...viz., Grihasthas, Bhikshus, Brahmacarins, and Vanaprashthas, should conduct themselves in order to acquire religious merit." "Yayati answered, 'These are what a Brahmacarin must do...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.84.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatrastha, Asmad, Devasukha, Sakta, Kale, Kala, Atita, Mahat, Mahati, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Atimatram, Atimatra, Duta, Deva, Ugra, Rupa, Yudh, Yut, Trih, Tri, Pluta, Svara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.84.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tatrasthaṃ māṃ devasukheṣu saktaṃ kāle'tīte mahati tato'timātram
  • tatrastham -
  • tatrastha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tatrastha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tatrasthā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative single]
  • devasukheṣu -
  • devasukha (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    devasukha (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • saktam -
  • sakta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sakta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    saktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sag -> sakta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √sag class 1 verb]
    sag -> sakta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sag class 1 verb], [accusative single from √sag class 1 verb]
    saj -> sakta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √saj class 1 verb]
    saj -> sakta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √saj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √saj class 1 verb]
    sañj -> sakta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √sañj class 1 verb]
    sañj -> sakta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sañj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √sañj class 1 verb]
  • kāle' -
  • kāle (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • atīte -
  • atīta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    atīta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    atītā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    atī (verb class 2)
    [present middle third single]
  • mahati -
  • mahatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    mahat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    mah (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • tato' -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • atimātram -
  • atimātram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    atimātra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    atimātra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    atimātrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “dūto devānāmabravīdugrarūpo dhvaṃsetyuccaistriḥ plutena svareṇa
  • dūto* -
  • dūta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • devānām -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    deva (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    devā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • abravīd -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • ugra -
  • ugra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ugra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rūpo* -
  • rūpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhvaṃset -
  • dhvaṃs (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • yuc -
  • yudh (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yudh (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yut (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yut (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • cais -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • triḥ -
  • triḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    triḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • plutena -
  • pluta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    pluta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    plu -> pluta (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √plu class 1 verb]
    plu -> pluta (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √plu class 1 verb]
  • svareṇa -
  • svara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    svara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.84.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.84.18 in Kannada sript:
ತತ್ರಸ್ಥಂ ಮಾಂ ದೇವಸುಖೇಷು ಸಕ್ತಂ ಕಾಲೇಽತೀತೇ ಮಹತಿ ತತೋಽತಿಮಾತ್ರಮ್ ।
ದೂತೋ ದೇವಾನಾಮಬ್ರವೀದುಗ್ರರೂಪೋ ಧ್ವಂಸೇತ್ಯುಚ್ಚೈಸ್ತ್ರಿಃ ಪ್ಲುತೇನ ಸ್ವರೇಣ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.84.18 in Bengali sript:
তত্রস্থং মাং দেবসুখেষু সক্তং কালেঽতীতে মহতি ততোঽতিমাত্রম্ ।
দূতো দেবানামব্রবীদুগ্ররূপো ধ্বংসেত্যুচ্চৈস্ত্রিঃ প্লুতেন স্বরেণ ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.84.18 in Gujarati sript:
તત્રસ્થં માં દેવસુખેષુ સક્તં કાલેઽતીતે મહતિ તતોઽતિમાત્રમ્ ।
દૂતો દેવાનામબ્રવીદુગ્રરૂપો ધ્વંસેત્યુચ્ચૈસ્ત્રિઃ પ્લુતેન સ્વરેણ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.84.18 in Malayalam sript:
തത്രസ്ഥം മാം ദേവസുഖേഷു സക്തം കാലേഽതീതേ മഹതി തതോഽതിമാത്രമ് ।
ദൂതോ ദേവാനാമബ്രവീദുഗ്രരൂപോ ധ്വംസേത്യുച്ചൈസ്ത്രിഃ പ്ലുതേന സ്വരേണ ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.84.18 in Telugu sript:
తత్రస్థం మాం దేవసుఖేషు సక్తం కాలేఽతీతే మహతి తతోఽతిమాత్రమ్ ।
దూతో దేవానామబ్రవీదుగ్రరూపో ధ్వంసేత్యుచ్చైస్త్రిః ప్లుతేన స్వరేణ ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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