Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.83.9

दृष्ट्वा च त्वां विष्ठितं देवमार्गे शक्रार्कविष्णुप्रतिमप्रभावम् ।
अभ्युद्गतास्त्वां वयमद्य सर्वे तत्त्वं पाते तव जिज्ञासमानाः ॥ ९ ॥

dṛṣṭvā ca tvāṃ viṣṭhitaṃ devamārge śakrārkaviṣṇupratimaprabhāvam |
abhyudgatāstvāṃ vayamadya sarve tattvaṃ pāte tava jijñāsamānāḥ || 9 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...falling from heaven, the being becomes a subtile substance living in water. This water becomes the semen whence is the seed of vitality. Thence entering the mother’s womb in the womanly...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.83.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tva, Yushmad, Vishthita, Devamarga, Shakra, Arka, Pratima, Prabhava, Abhyudgata, Vaya, Asmad, Adya, Sarva, Tattva, Pata, Pat, Pati, Jijnasamana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.83.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dṛṣṭvā ca tvāṃ viṣṭhitaṃ devamārge śakrārkaviṣṇupratimaprabhāvam
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tvām -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative single]
  • viṣṭhitam -
  • viṣṭhita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    viṣṭhita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    viṣṭhitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • devamārge -
  • devamārga (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • śakrā -
  • śakra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śakra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śakrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • arka -
  • arka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    arka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viṣṇu -
  • viṣṇu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    viṣṇu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • pratima -
  • pratima (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pratima (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prabhāvam -
  • prabhāva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “abhyudgatāstvāṃ vayamadya sarve tattvaṃ pāte tava jijñāsamānāḥ
  • abhyudgatās -
  • abhyudgata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    abhyudgatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tvām -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative single]
  • vayam -
  • vaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative dual]
  • adya -
  • adya (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    adya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tattvam -
  • tattva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • pāte -
  • pāta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    pāta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    pātā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pāt (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    pāti (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    -> pāt (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> pāt (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> pāt (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> pāt (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √ class 2 verb]
  • tava -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
  • jijñāsamānāḥ -
  • jñā -> jijñāsamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √jñā], [vocative plural from √jñā]
    jñā -> jijñāsamānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √jñā], [vocative plural from √jñā], [accusative plural from √jñā]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.83.9

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.83.9 in Kannada sript:
ದೃಷ್ಟ್ವಾ ಚ ತ್ವಾಂ ವಿಷ್ಠಿತಂ ದೇವಮಾರ್ಗೇ ಶಕ್ರಾರ್ಕವಿಷ್ಣುಪ್ರತಿಮಪ್ರಭಾವಮ್ ।
ಅಭ್ಯುದ್ಗತಾಸ್ತ್ವಾಂ ವಯಮದ್ಯ ಸರ್ವೇ ತತ್ತ್ವಂ ಪಾತೇ ತವ ಜಿಜ್ಞಾಸಮಾನಾಃ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.83.9 in Bengali sript:
দৃষ্ট্বা চ ত্বাং বিষ্ঠিতং দেবমার্গে শক্রার্কবিষ্ণুপ্রতিমপ্রভাবম্ ।
অভ্যুদ্গতাস্ত্বাং বযমদ্য সর্বে তত্ত্বং পাতে তব জিজ্ঞাসমানাঃ ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.83.9 in Gujarati sript:
દૃષ્ટ્વા ચ ત્વાં વિષ્ઠિતં દેવમાર્ગે શક્રાર્કવિષ્ણુપ્રતિમપ્રભાવમ્ ।
અભ્યુદ્ગતાસ્ત્વાં વયમદ્ય સર્વે તત્ત્વં પાતે તવ જિજ્ઞાસમાનાઃ ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.83.9 in Malayalam sript:
ദൃഷ്ട്വാ ച ത്വാം വിഷ്ഠിതം ദേവമാര്ഗേ ശക്രാര്കവിഷ്ണുപ്രതിമപ്രഭാവമ് ।
അഭ്യുദ്ഗതാസ്ത്വാം വയമദ്യ സര്വേ തത്ത്വം പാതേ തവ ജിജ്ഞാസമാനാഃ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.83.9 in Telugu sript:
దృష్ట్వా చ త్వాం విష్ఠితం దేవమార్గే శక్రార్కవిష్ణుప్రతిమప్రభావమ్ ।
అభ్యుద్గతాస్త్వాం వయమద్య సర్వే తత్త్వం పాతే తవ జిజ్ఞాసమానాః ॥ ౯ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: