Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.78.11

ततः काले तु कस्मिंश्चिद्देवयानी शुचिस्मिता ।
ययातिसहिता राजन्निर्जगाम महावनम् ॥ ११ ॥

tataḥ kāle tu kasmiṃściddevayānī śucismitā |
yayātisahitā rājannirjagāma mahāvanam || 11 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...impure. They cannot pour libations upon fire in proper times. Therefore, I do not like to take your decrepitude.' Yayati said to him, 'You are sprung from my heart, you givest not...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.78.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Kale, Kala, Kah, Kim, Cit, Devayani, Shucismita, Sahita, Rajan, Rajat, Mahavana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.78.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ kāle tu kasmiṃściddevayānī śucismitā
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • kāle -
  • kāle (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kasmiṃś -
  • ka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • cid -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • devayānī -
  • devayānī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • śucismitā -
  • śucismitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “yayātisahitā rājannirjagāma mahāvanam
  • yayāti -
  • yayāti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • sahitā* -
  • sahita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sahitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    sah -> sahita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √sah class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √sah class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √sah class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √sah class 10 verb]
    sah -> sahitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √sah class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √sah class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √sah class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √sah class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √sah class 10 verb], [accusative plural from √sah class 10 verb]
  • rājann -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • ir -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jagāma -
  • (verb class 3)
    [imperative active first plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • mahāvanam -
  • mahāvana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mahāvana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mahāvanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.78.11

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.78.11 in Kannada sript:
ತತಃ ಕಾಲೇ ತು ಕಸ್ಮಿಂಶ್ಚಿದ್ದೇವಯಾನೀ ಶುಚಿಸ್ಮಿತಾ ।
ಯಯಾತಿಸಹಿತಾ ರಾಜನ್ನಿರ್ಜಗಾಮ ಮಹಾವನಮ್ ॥ ೧೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.78.11 in Bengali sript:
ততঃ কালে তু কস্মিংশ্চিদ্দেবযানী শুচিস্মিতা ।
যযাতিসহিতা রাজন্নির্জগাম মহাবনম্ ॥ ১১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.78.11 in Gujarati sript:
તતઃ કાલે તુ કસ્મિંશ્ચિદ્દેવયાની શુચિસ્મિતા ।
યયાતિસહિતા રાજન્નિર્જગામ મહાવનમ્ ॥ ૧૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.78.11 in Malayalam sript:
തതഃ കാലേ തു കസ്മിംശ്ചിദ്ദേവയാനീ ശുചിസ്മിതാ ।
യയാതിസഹിതാ രാജന്നിര്ജഗാമ മഹാവനമ് ॥ ൧൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.78.11 in Telugu sript:
తతః కాలే తు కస్మింశ్చిద్దేవయానీ శుచిస్మితా ।
యయాతిసహితా రాజన్నిర్జగామ మహావనమ్ ॥ ౧౧ ॥

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