Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.69.12

अभिवाद्य यथा वृद्धान्सन्तो गच्छन्ति निर्वृतिम् ।
एवं सज्जनमाक्रुश्य मूर्खो भवति निर्वृतः ॥ १२ ॥

abhivādya yathā vṛddhānsanto gacchanti nirvṛtim |
evaṃ sajjanamākruśya mūrkho bhavati nirvṛtaḥ || 12 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...intelligence and named Manu. And Manu was endued with great wisdom and devoted to virtue. And he became the progenitor of a line. And in Manu’s race have been born all human beings, who...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.69.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Abhivadya, Yatha, Vriddha, Sat, Santa, Gacchat, Nirvriti, Evam, Eva, Sajjana, Murkha, Bhavati, Bhavat, Bhavant, Nirvrita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.69.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “abhivādya yathā vṛddhānsanto gacchanti nirvṛtim
  • abhivādya -
  • abhivādya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    abhivādya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • vṛddhān -
  • vṛddha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    vṛdh -> vṛddha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √vṛdh class 1 verb]
  • santo* -
  • sat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    santa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sam -> santa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sam class 1 verb]
  • gacchanti -
  • gacchat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • nirvṛtim -
  • nirvṛti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    nirvṛti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “evaṃ sajjanamākruśya mūrkho bhavati nirvṛtaḥ
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
  • sajjanam -
  • sajjana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sajjana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sajjanā (noun, feminine)
  • ā -
  • ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kruśya -
  • kruś -> kruśya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kruś]
  • mūrkho* -
  • mūrkha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhavati -
  • bhavatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • nirvṛtaḥ -
  • nirvṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.69.12

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.69.12 in Kannada sript:
ಅಭಿವಾದ್ಯ ಯಥಾ ವೃದ್ಧಾನ್ಸನ್ತೋ ಗಚ್ಛನ್ತಿ ನಿರ್ವೃತಿಮ್ ।
ಏವಂ ಸಜ್ಜನಮಾಕ್ರುಶ್ಯ ಮೂರ್ಖೋ ಭವತಿ ನಿರ್ವೃತಃ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.69.12 in Bengali sript:
অভিবাদ্য যথা বৃদ্ধান্সন্তো গচ্ছন্তি নির্বৃতিম্ ।
এবং সজ্জনমাক্রুশ্য মূর্খো ভবতি নির্বৃতঃ ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.69.12 in Gujarati sript:
અભિવાદ્ય યથા વૃદ્ધાન્સન્તો ગચ્છન્તિ નિર્વૃતિમ્ ।
એવં સજ્જનમાક્રુશ્ય મૂર્ખો ભવતિ નિર્વૃતઃ ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.69.12 in Malayalam sript:
അഭിവാദ്യ യഥാ വൃദ്ധാന്സന്തോ ഗച്ഛന്തി നിര്വൃതിമ് ।
ഏവം സജ്ജനമാക്രുശ്യ മൂര്ഖോ ഭവതി നിര്വൃതഃ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.69.12 in Telugu sript:
అభివాద్య యథా వృద్ధాన్సన్తో గచ్ఛన్తి నిర్వృతిమ్ ।
ఏవం సజ్జనమాక్రుశ్య మూర్ఖో భవతి నిర్వృతః ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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