Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.68.2

त्रिषु वर्षेषु पूर्णेषु दिप्तानलसमद्युतिम् ।
रूपौदार्यगुणोपेतं दौःषन्तिं जनमेजय ॥ २ ॥

triṣu varṣeṣu pūrṇeṣu diptānalasamadyutim |
rūpaudāryaguṇopetaṃ dauḥṣantiṃ janamejaya || 2 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...himself as Puttra (the rescuer from Put). By a son one conquers the three worlds. By a son’s son, one enjoys eternity. And by a grandson’s son great-grand-fathers enjoy everlasting...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.68.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tri, Varsha, Purna, Rupa, Audarya, Gunopeta, Dauhshanti, Janamejaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.68.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “triṣu varṣeṣu pūrṇeṣu diptānalasamadyutim
  • triṣu -
  • tri (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • varṣeṣu -
  • varṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    varṣa (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • pūrṇeṣu -
  • pūrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    pūrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
    pṝ -> pūrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [locative plural from √pṝ class 3 verb], [locative plural from √pṝ class 6 verb], [locative plural from √pṝ class 9 verb]
    pṝ -> pūrṇa (participle, neuter)
    [locative plural from √pṝ class 3 verb], [locative plural from √pṝ class 6 verb], [locative plural from √pṝ class 9 verb]
  • Cannot analyse diptānalasamadyutim
  • Line 2: “rūpaudāryaguṇopetaṃ dauḥṣantiṃ janamejaya
  • rūpau -
  • rūpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [compound], [vocative single]
    rūpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rūpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • audārya -
  • audārya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • guṇopetam -
  • guṇopeta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    guṇopeta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    guṇopetā (noun, feminine)
  • dauḥṣantim -
  • dauḥṣanti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • janamejaya -
  • janamejaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.68.2

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.68.2 in Kannada sript:
ತ್ರಿಷು ವರ್ಷೇಷು ಪೂರ್ಣೇಷು ದಿಪ್ತಾನಲಸಮದ್ಯುತಿಮ್ ।
ರೂಪೌದಾರ್ಯಗುಣೋಪೇತಂ ದೌಃಷನ್ತಿಂ ಜನಮೇಜಯ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.68.2 in Bengali sript:
ত্রিষু বর্ষেষু পূর্ণেষু দিপ্তানলসমদ্যুতিম্ ।
রূপৌদার্যগুণোপেতং দৌঃষন্তিং জনমেজয ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.68.2 in Gujarati sript:
ત્રિષુ વર્ષેષુ પૂર્ણેષુ દિપ્તાનલસમદ્યુતિમ્ ।
રૂપૌદાર્યગુણોપેતં દૌઃષન્તિં જનમેજય ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.68.2 in Malayalam sript:
ത്രിഷു വര്ഷേഷു പൂര്ണേഷു ദിപ്താനലസമദ്യുതിമ് ।
രൂപൌദാര്യഗുണോപേതം ദൌഃഷന്തിം ജനമേജയ ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 1.68.2 in Telugu sript:
త్రిషు వర్షేషు పూర్ణేషు దిప్తానలసమద్యుతిమ్ ।
రూపౌదార్యగుణోపేతం దౌఃషన్తిం జనమేజయ ॥ ౨ ॥

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