Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.61.59

कारूषकाश्च राजानः क्षेमधूर्तिस्तथैव च ।
श्रुतायुरुद्धवश्चैव बृहत्सेनस्तथैव च ॥ ५९ ॥

kārūṣakāśca rājānaḥ kṣemadhūrtistathaiva ca |
śrutāyuruddhavaścaiva bṛhatsenastathaiva ca || 59 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...forth in secrecy that child who had come out with ear-rings and coat of mail. And he was gifted with the beauty of a celestial infant, and in splendour was like unto the maker of day himself...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.61.59). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Karushaka, Rajan, Rajana, Kshemadhurti, Tatha, Shrutayu, Shrutayus, Uddhava, Brihatsena,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.61.59). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kārūṣakāśca rājānaḥ kṣemadhūrtistathaiva ca
  • kārūṣakāś -
  • kārūṣaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kārūṣakā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rājānaḥ -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rājāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṣemadhūrtis -
  • kṣemadhūrti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “śrutāyuruddhavaścaiva bṛhatsenastathaiva ca
  • śrutāyur -
  • śrutāyus (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    śrutāyu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uddhavaś -
  • uddhava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • bṛhatsenas -
  • bṛhatsena (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.61.59

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.61.59 in Kannada sript:
ಕಾರೂಷಕಾಶ್ಚ ರಾಜಾನಃ ಕ್ಷೇಮಧೂರ್ತಿಸ್ತಥೈವ ಚ ।
ಶ್ರುತಾಯುರುದ್ಧವಶ್ಚೈವ ಬೃಹತ್ಸೇನಸ್ತಥೈವ ಚ ॥ ೫೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.61.59 in Bengali sript:
কারূষকাশ্চ রাজানঃ ক্ষেমধূর্তিস্তথৈব চ ।
শ্রুতাযুরুদ্ধবশ্চৈব বৃহত্সেনস্তথৈব চ ॥ ৫৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.61.59 in Gujarati sript:
કારૂષકાશ્ચ રાજાનઃ ક્ષેમધૂર્તિસ્તથૈવ ચ ।
શ્રુતાયુરુદ્ધવશ્ચૈવ બૃહત્સેનસ્તથૈવ ચ ॥ ૫૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.61.59 in Malayalam sript:
കാരൂഷകാശ്ച രാജാനഃ ക്ഷേമധൂര്തിസ്തഥൈവ ച ।
ശ്രുതായുരുദ്ധവശ്ചൈവ ബൃഹത്സേനസ്തഥൈവ ച ॥ ൫൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.61.59 in Telugu sript:
కారూషకాశ్చ రాజానః క్షేమధూర్తిస్తథైవ చ ।
శ్రుతాయురుద్ధవశ్చైవ బృహత్సేనస్తథైవ చ ॥ ౫౯ ॥

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