Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.61.45

कालकायास्तु ये पुत्रास्तेषामष्टौ नराधिपाः ।
जज्ञिरे राजशार्दूल शार्दूलसमविक्रमाः ॥ ४५ ॥

kālakāyāstu ye putrāsteṣāmaṣṭau narādhipāḥ |
jajñire rājaśārdūla śārdūlasamavikramāḥ || 45 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...my son shall compel all foes to retreat before him. The boy of mighty arms having penetrated the impenetrable array, shall range within it fearlessly and send a fourth part of the hostile...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.61.45). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kalaka, Kalakaya, Yah, Yat, Putra, Tad, Ashta, Ashti, Naradhipa, Rajashardula, Shardulasamavikrama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.61.45). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kālakāyāstu ye putrāsteṣāmaṣṭau narādhipāḥ
  • kālakāyās -
  • kālakā (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kālakāya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • putrās -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • teṣām -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • aṣṭau -
  • aṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    aṣṭi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    -> aṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 5 verb]
  • narādhipāḥ -
  • narādhipa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “jajñire rājaśārdūla śārdūlasamavikramāḥ
  • jajñire -
  • jan (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle third plural]
    jan (verb class 2)
    [perfect middle third plural]
    jan (verb class 3)
    [perfect middle third plural]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [perfect middle third plural]
    jñā (verb class 3)
    [perfect middle third plural]
    jñā (verb class 9)
    [perfect middle third plural]
  • rājaśārdūla -
  • rājaśārdūla (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śārdūlasamavikramāḥ -
  • śārdūlasamavikrama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śārdūlasamavikramā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.61.45

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.61.45 in Kannada sript:
ಕಾಲಕಾಯಾಸ್ತು ಯೇ ಪುತ್ರಾಸ್ತೇಷಾಮಷ್ಟೌ ನರಾಧಿಪಾಃ ।
ಜಜ್ಞಿರೇ ರಾಜಶಾರ್ದೂಲ ಶಾರ್ದೂಲಸಮವಿಕ್ರಮಾಃ ॥ ೪೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.61.45 in Bengali sript:
কালকাযাস্তু যে পুত্রাস্তেষামষ্টৌ নরাধিপাঃ ।
জজ্ঞিরে রাজশার্দূল শার্দূলসমবিক্রমাঃ ॥ ৪৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.61.45 in Gujarati sript:
કાલકાયાસ્તુ યે પુત્રાસ્તેષામષ્ટૌ નરાધિપાઃ ।
જજ્ઞિરે રાજશાર્દૂલ શાર્દૂલસમવિક્રમાઃ ॥ ૪૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.61.45 in Malayalam sript:
കാലകായാസ്തു യേ പുത്രാസ്തേഷാമഷ്ടൌ നരാധിപാഃ ।
ജജ്ഞിരേ രാജശാര്ദൂല ശാര്ദൂലസമവിക്രമാഃ ॥ ൪൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.61.45 in Telugu sript:
కాలకాయాస్తు యే పుత్రాస్తేషామష్టౌ నరాధిపాః ।
జజ్ఞిరే రాజశార్దూల శార్దూలసమవిక్రమాః ॥ ౪౫ ॥

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