Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.59.19

प्रह्रादस्य त्रयः पुत्राः ख्याताः सर्वत्र भारत ।
विरोचनश्च कुम्भश्च निकुम्भश्चेति विश्रुताः ॥ १९ ॥

prahrādasya trayaḥ putrāḥ khyātāḥ sarvatra bhārata |
virocanaśca kumbhaśca nikumbhaśceti viśrutāḥ || 19 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...And it is also known that this Pradha of great fortune, through the celestial Rishi (Kasyapa, her husband), brought forth the sacred of the Apsaras, Alamvusha, Misrakesi, Vidyutparna, Tilottama...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.59.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prahrada, Traya, Tri, Putra, Khyata, Sarvatra, Bharata, Virocana, Kumbha, Nikumbha, Ceti, Vishruta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.59.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “prahrādasya trayaḥ putrāḥ khyātāḥ sarvatra bhārata
  • prahrādasya -
  • prahrāda (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • trayaḥ -
  • traya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • putrāḥ -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • khyātāḥ -
  • khyāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    khyātā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    khyā -> khyāta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √khyā class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √khyā class 2 verb]
    khyā -> khyātā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √khyā class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √khyā class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √khyā class 2 verb]
  • sarvatra -
  • sarvatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line2: “virocanaśca kumbhaśca nikumbhaśceti viśrutāḥ
  • virocanaś -
  • virocana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kumbhaś -
  • kumbha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nikumbhaś -
  • nikumbha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ceti -
  • ceti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ceti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ceti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    cetī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    cetī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    cetī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • viśrutāḥ -
  • viśruta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    viśrutā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.59.19

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.59.19 in Kannada sript:
ಪ್ರಹ್ರಾದಸ್ಯ ತ್ರಯಃ ಪುತ್ರಾಃ ಖ್ಯಾತಾಃ ಸರ್ವತ್ರ ಭಾರತ ।
ವಿರೋಚನಶ್ಚ ಕುಮ್ಭಶ್ಚ ನಿಕುಮ್ಭಶ್ಚೇತಿ ವಿಶ್ರುತಾಃ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.59.19 in Bengali sript:
প্রহ্রাদস্য ত্রযঃ পুত্রাঃ খ্যাতাঃ সর্বত্র ভারত ।
বিরোচনশ্চ কুম্ভশ্চ নিকুম্ভশ্চেতি বিশ্রুতাঃ ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.59.19 in Gujarati sript:
પ્રહ્રાદસ્ય ત્રયઃ પુત્રાઃ ખ્યાતાઃ સર્વત્ર ભારત ।
વિરોચનશ્ચ કુમ્ભશ્ચ નિકુમ્ભશ્ચેતિ વિશ્રુતાઃ ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.59.19 in Malayalam sript:
പ്രഹ്രാദസ്യ ത്രയഃ പുത്രാഃ ഖ്യാതാഃ സര്വത്ര ഭാരത ।
വിരോചനശ്ച കുമ്ഭശ്ച നികുമ്ഭശ്ചേതി വിശ്രുതാഃ ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.59.19 in Telugu sript:
ప్రహ్రాదస్య త్రయః పుత్రాః ఖ్యాతాః సర్వత్ర భారత ।
విరోచనశ్చ కుమ్భశ్చ నికుమ్భశ్చేతి విశ్రుతాః ॥ ౧౯ ॥

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