Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.57.90

गौतमान्मिथुनं जज्ञे शरस्तम्बाच्छरद्वतः ।
अश्वत्थाम्नश्च जननी कृपश्चैव महाबलः ।
अश्वत्थामा ततो जज्ञे द्रोणादस्त्रभृतां वरः ॥ ९० ॥

gautamānmithunaṃ jajñe śarastambāccharadvataḥ |
aśvatthāmnaśca jananī kṛpaścaiva mahābalaḥ |
aśvatthāmā tato jajñe droṇādastrabhṛtāṃ varaḥ || 90 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...of them was Yudhishthira. And Yudhishthira was born (of the seed) of Dharma (Yama, the god of justice); and Bhima of the wolf’s stomach was born of Marut (the god of wind), and Dhananjaya...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.57.90). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Gautama, Mithuna, Jajni, Sharastamba, Sharadvat, Ashvatthaman, Janani, Krip, Kripa, Mahabala, Ashvatthama, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Drona, Astrabhrit, Vara, Varas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.57.90). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “gautamānmithunaṃ jajñe śarastambāccharadvataḥ
  • gautamān -
  • gautama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
    gautama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • mithunam -
  • mithuna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mithuna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mithunā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jajñe -
  • jajñi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    jajñi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    jan (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jan (verb class 2)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jan (verb class 3)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jñā (verb class 3)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jñā (verb class 9)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • śarastambācch -
  • śarastamba (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • śaradvataḥ -
  • śaradvat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    śaradvat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “aśvatthāmnaśca jananī kṛpaścaiva mahābalaḥ
  • aśvatthāmnaś -
  • aśvatthāman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    aśvatthāman (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jananī -
  • jananī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    janani (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kṛpaś -
  • kṛp (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • mahābalaḥ -
  • mahābala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “aśvatthāmā tato jajñe droṇādastrabhṛtāṃ varaḥ
  • aśvatthāmā -
  • aśvatthāmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    aśvatthāman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • jajñe -
  • jajñi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    jajñi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    jan (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jan (verb class 2)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jan (verb class 3)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jñā (verb class 3)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    jñā (verb class 9)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • droṇād -
  • droṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    droṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • astrabhṛtām -
  • astrabhṛt (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • varaḥ -
  • varas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.57.90

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.57.90 in Kannada sript:
ಗೌತಮಾನ್ಮಿಥುನಂ ಜಜ್ಞೇ ಶರಸ್ತಮ್ಬಾಚ್ಛರದ್ವತಃ ।
ಅಶ್ವತ್ಥಾಮ್ನಶ್ಚ ಜನನೀ ಕೃಪಶ್ಚೈವ ಮಹಾಬಲಃ ।
ಅಶ್ವತ್ಥಾಮಾ ತತೋ ಜಜ್ಞೇ ದ್ರೋಣಾದಸ್ತ್ರಭೃತಾಂ ವರಃ ॥ ೯೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.57.90 in Bengali sript:
গৌতমান্মিথুনং জজ্ঞে শরস্তম্বাচ্ছরদ্বতঃ ।
অশ্বত্থাম্নশ্চ জননী কৃপশ্চৈব মহাবলঃ ।
অশ্বত্থামা ততো জজ্ঞে দ্রোণাদস্ত্রভৃতাং বরঃ ॥ ৯০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.57.90 in Gujarati sript:
ગૌતમાન્મિથુનં જજ્ઞે શરસ્તમ્બાચ્છરદ્વતઃ ।
અશ્વત્થામ્નશ્ચ જનની કૃપશ્ચૈવ મહાબલઃ ।
અશ્વત્થામા તતો જજ્ઞે દ્રોણાદસ્ત્રભૃતાં વરઃ ॥ ૯૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.57.90 in Malayalam sript:
ഗൌതമാന്മിഥുനം ജജ്ഞേ ശരസ്തമ്ബാച്ഛരദ്വതഃ ।
അശ്വത്ഥാമ്നശ്ച ജനനീ കൃപശ്ചൈവ മഹാബലഃ ।
അശ്വത്ഥാമാ തതോ ജജ്ഞേ ദ്രോണാദസ്ത്രഭൃതാം വരഃ ॥ ൯൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.57.90 in Telugu sript:
గౌతమాన్మిథునం జజ్ఞే శరస్తమ్బాచ్ఛరద్వతః ।
అశ్వత్థామ్నశ్చ జననీ కృపశ్చైవ మహాబలః ।
అశ్వత్థామా తతో జజ్ఞే ద్రోణాదస్త్రభృతాం వరః ॥ ౯౦ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: