Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.43.10

तथैव सा च भर्तारं दुःखशीलमुपाचरत् ।
उपायैः श्वेतकाकीयैः प्रियकामा यशस्विनी ॥ १० ॥

tathaiva sā ca bhartāraṃ duḥkhaśīlamupācarat |
upāyaiḥ śvetakākīyaiḥ priyakāmā yaśasvinī || 10 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...mode of life. I will truly do what you like. I will certainly marry, if ever I meet with a maiden of my own name. I shall accept her who, bestowing herself of her own accord, will be...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.43.10). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatha, Bhartri, Duhkhashila, Upa, Acarat, Upaya, Shvetakakiya, Priyakama, Yashasvin, Yashasvini, Yashasvi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.43.10). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tathaiva ca bhartāraṃ duḥkhaśīlamupācarat
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • -
  • (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhartāram -
  • bhartṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • duḥkhaśīlam -
  • duḥkhaśīla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duḥkhaśīla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duḥkhaśīlā (noun, feminine)
  • upā -
  • upā (indeclinable)
    upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    upa (Preverb)
    upā (Preverb)
  • acarat -
  • acarat (noun, masculine)
    acarat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    car (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “upāyaiḥ śvetakākīyaiḥ priyakāmā yaśasvinī
  • upāyaiḥ -
  • upāya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • śvetakākīyaiḥ -
  • śvetakākīya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śvetakākīya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • priyakāmā* -
  • priyakāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    priyakāmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yaśasvinī -
  • yaśasvinī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    yaśasvin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaśasvī (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.43.10

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.43.10 in Kannada sript:
ತಥೈವ ಸಾ ಚ ಭರ್ತಾರಂ ದುಃಖಶೀಲಮುಪಾಚರತ್ ।
ಉಪಾಯೈಃ ಶ್ವೇತಕಾಕೀಯೈಃ ಪ್ರಿಯಕಾಮಾ ಯಶಸ್ವಿನೀ ॥ ೧೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.43.10 in Bengali sript:
তথৈব সা চ ভর্তারং দুঃখশীলমুপাচরত্ ।
উপাযৈঃ শ্বেতকাকীযৈঃ প্রিযকামা যশস্বিনী ॥ ১০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.43.10 in Gujarati sript:
તથૈવ સા ચ ભર્તારં દુઃખશીલમુપાચરત્ ।
ઉપાયૈઃ શ્વેતકાકીયૈઃ પ્રિયકામા યશસ્વિની ॥ ૧૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.43.10 in Malayalam sript:
തഥൈവ സാ ച ഭര്താരം ദുഃഖശീലമുപാചരത് ।
ഉപായൈഃ ശ്വേതകാകീയൈഃ പ്രിയകാമാ യശസ്വിനീ ॥ ൧൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.43.10 in Telugu sript:
తథైవ సా చ భర్తారం దుఃఖశీలముపాచరత్ ।
ఉపాయైః శ్వేతకాకీయైః ప్రియకామా యశస్వినీ ॥ ౧౦ ॥

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