Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.28.4

स तेन पतगेन्द्रेण पक्षतुण्डनखैः क्षतः ।
मुहूर्तमतुलं युद्धं कृत्वा विनिहतो युधि ॥ ४ ॥

sa tena patagendreṇa pakṣatuṇḍanakhaiḥ kṣataḥ |
muhūrtamatulaṃ yuddhaṃ kṛtvā vinihato yudhi || 4 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...act of his which was beyond even the power of the gods, and gave that mighty bird a name. And they said, 'As this ranger of the skies rises on its wings bearing a heavy burden, let...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.28.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tena, Pataga, Indra, Paksha, Tundat, Kha, Kshata, Muhurta, Atula, Yuddha, Kritva, Kritvan, Vinihata, Yudh,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.28.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa tena patagendreṇa pakṣatuṇḍanakhaiḥ kṣataḥ
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • patage -
  • pataga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
  • indreṇa -
  • indra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • pakṣa -
  • pakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pakṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pakṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • tuṇḍan -
  • tuṇḍ -> tuṇḍat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tuṇḍ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √tuṇḍ class 1 verb]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • khaiḥ -
  • kha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    kha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • kṣataḥ -
  • kṣata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṣan -> kṣata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṣan class 8 verb]
  • Line 2: “muhūrtamatulaṃ yuddhaṃ kṛtvā vinihato yudhi
  • muhūrtam -
  • muhūrta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    muhūrtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • atulam -
  • atula (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    atula (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    atulā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yuddham -
  • yuddha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yuddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yuddhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vinihato* -
  • vinihata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yudhi -
  • yudh (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    yudh (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.28.4

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.28.4 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ತೇನ ಪತಗೇನ್ದ್ರೇಣ ಪಕ್ಷತುಣ್ಡನಖೈಃ ಕ್ಷತಃ ।
ಮುಹೂರ್ತಮತುಲಂ ಯುದ್ಧಂ ಕೃತ್ವಾ ವಿನಿಹತೋ ಯುಧಿ ॥ ೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.28.4 in Bengali sript:
স তেন পতগেন্দ্রেণ পক্ষতুণ্ডনখৈঃ ক্ষতঃ ।
মুহূর্তমতুলং যুদ্ধং কৃত্বা বিনিহতো যুধি ॥ ৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.28.4 in Gujarati sript:
સ તેન પતગેન્દ્રેણ પક્ષતુણ્ડનખૈઃ ક્ષતઃ ।
મુહૂર્તમતુલં યુદ્ધં કૃત્વા વિનિહતો યુધિ ॥ ૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.28.4 in Malayalam sript:
സ തേന പതഗേന്ദ്രേണ പക്ഷതുണ്ഡനഖൈഃ ക്ഷതഃ ।
മുഹൂര്തമതുലം യുദ്ധം കൃത്വാ വിനിഹതോ യുധി ॥ ൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.28.4 in Telugu sript:
స తేన పతగేన్ద్రేణ పక్షతుణ్డనఖైః క్షతః ।
ముహూర్తమతులం యుద్ధం కృత్వా వినిహతో యుధి ॥ ౪ ॥

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