Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.28.3

तत्र चासीदमेयात्मा विद्युदग्निसमप्रभः ।
भौवनः सुमहावीर्यः सोमस्य परिरक्षिता ॥ ३ ॥

tatra cāsīdameyātmā vidyudagnisamaprabhaḥ |
bhauvanaḥ sumahāvīryaḥ somasya parirakṣitā || 3 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...claws. And from fear of slaying the Rishis and desire of saving them, held that bough in his beaks, and rose on his wings. The great Rishis were struck with wonder at the sight of that...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.28.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatra, Eya, Mas, Vidyudagni, Samaprabha, Bhauvana, Sumaha, Irya, Soma, Parirakshitri, Parirakshita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.28.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tatra cāsīdameyātmā vidyudagnisamaprabhaḥ
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asīdam -
  • sad (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • eyāt -
  • i -> eya (participle, masculine)
    [ablative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> eya (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • mā* -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    mās (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vidyudagni -
  • vidyudagni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vidyudagni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vidyudagni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • samaprabhaḥ -
  • samaprabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “bhauvanaḥ sumahāvīryaḥ somasya parirakṣitā
  • bhauvanaḥ -
  • bhauvana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sumahāvī -
  • sumaha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • īryaḥ -
  • īrya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    īr -> īrya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √īr class 2 verb], [nominative single from √īr]
  • somasya -
  • soma (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    soma (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • parirakṣitā -
  • parirakṣitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    parirakṣitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.28.3

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.28.3 in Kannada sript:
ತತ್ರ ಚಾಸೀದಮೇಯಾತ್ಮಾ ವಿದ್ಯುದಗ್ನಿಸಮಪ್ರಭಃ ।
ಭೌವನಃ ಸುಮಹಾವೀರ್ಯಃ ಸೋಮಸ್ಯ ಪರಿರಕ್ಷಿತಾ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.28.3 in Bengali sript:
তত্র চাসীদমেযাত্মা বিদ্যুদগ্নিসমপ্রভঃ ।
ভৌবনঃ সুমহাবীর্যঃ সোমস্য পরিরক্ষিতা ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.28.3 in Gujarati sript:
તત્ર ચાસીદમેયાત્મા વિદ્યુદગ્નિસમપ્રભઃ ।
ભૌવનઃ સુમહાવીર્યઃ સોમસ્ય પરિરક્ષિતા ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.28.3 in Malayalam sript:
തത്ര ചാസീദമേയാത്മാ വിദ്യുദഗ്നിസമപ്രഭഃ ।
ഭൌവനഃ സുമഹാവീര്യഃ സോമസ്യ പരിരക്ഷിതാ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.28.3 in Telugu sript:
తత్ర చాసీదమేయాత్మా విద్యుదగ్నిసమప్రభః ।
భౌవనః సుమహావీర్యః సోమస్య పరిరక్షితా ॥ ౩ ॥

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