Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.27.20

भवत्वेष पतत्रीणामिन्द्रोऽतिबलसत्त्ववान् ।
प्रसादः क्रियतां चैव देवराजस्य याचतः ॥ २० ॥

bhavatveṣa patatrīṇāmindro'tibalasattvavān |
prasādaḥ kriyatāṃ caiva devarājasya yācataḥ || 20 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...according to their former hostility. Look here, one amongst them, the handsome elephant of huge body, is even now approaching. Hearing his roar, the tortoise also of huge body, living...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.27.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Esha, Patatri, Indra, Atibala, Sattvavat, Prasada, Kriyat, Devaraja, Yacat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.27.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhavatveṣa patatrīṇāmindro'tibalasattvavān
  • bhavatve -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [imperative active third single]
  • eṣa -
  • eṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • patatrīṇām -
  • patatri (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • indro' -
  • indra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • atibala -
  • atibala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atibala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sattvavān -
  • sattvavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “prasādaḥ kriyatāṃ caiva devarājasya yācataḥ
  • prasādaḥ -
  • prasāda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kriyatām -
  • kṛ -> kriyat (participle, masculine)
    [genitive plural from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṛ -> kriyat (participle, neuter)
    [genitive plural from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperative passive third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative passive third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [imperative passive third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [imperative passive third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [imperative passive third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [imperative active third dual], [imperative middle third single], [imperative passive third single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • devarājasya -
  • devarāja (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • yācataḥ -
  • yāc -> yācat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √yāc class 1 verb], [ablative single from √yāc class 1 verb], [genitive single from √yāc class 1 verb]
    yāc -> yācat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √yāc class 1 verb], [genitive single from √yāc class 1 verb]
    yāc (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.27.20

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.27.20 in Kannada sript:
ಭವತ್ವೇಷ ಪತತ್ರೀಣಾಮಿನ್ದ್ರೋಽತಿಬಲಸತ್ತ್ವವಾನ್ ।
ಪ್ರಸಾದಃ ಕ್ರಿಯತಾಂ ಚೈವ ದೇವರಾಜಸ್ಯ ಯಾಚತಃ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.27.20 in Bengali sript:
ভবত্বেষ পতত্রীণামিন্দ্রোঽতিবলসত্ত্ববান্ ।
প্রসাদঃ ক্রিযতাং চৈব দেবরাজস্য যাচতঃ ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.27.20 in Gujarati sript:
ભવત્વેષ પતત્રીણામિન્દ્રોઽતિબલસત્ત્વવાન્ ।
પ્રસાદઃ ક્રિયતાં ચૈવ દેવરાજસ્ય યાચતઃ ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.27.20 in Malayalam sript:
ഭവത്വേഷ പതത്രീണാമിന്ദ്രോഽതിബലസത്ത്വവാന് ।
പ്രസാദഃ ക്രിയതാം ചൈവ ദേവരാജസ്യ യാചതഃ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.27.20 in Telugu sript:
భవత్వేష పతత్రీణామిన్ద్రోఽతిబలసత్త్వవాన్ ।
ప్రసాదః క్రియతాం చైవ దేవరాజస్య యాచతః ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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