Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.25.13

ततः स्वार्थपरान्मूढान्पृथग्भूतान्स्वकैर्धनैः ।
विदित्वा भेदयन्त्येतानमित्रा मित्ररूपिणः ॥ १३ ॥

tataḥ svārthaparānmūḍhānpṛthagbhūtānsvakairdhanaiḥ |
viditvā bhedayantyetānamitrā mitrarūpiṇaḥ || 13 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...the very eyes of the denizens of heaven I am going to be devoured and they brook it quietly. Therefore, for the destruction of the worlds must I strive.' And with this resolution he went...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.25.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Svarthapara, Mudha, Prithagbhuta, Svaka, Dhana, Bhedayat, Bhedayanti, Eta, Esha, Amitra, Mitra, Rupina, Rupin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.25.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ svārthaparānmūḍhānpṛthagbhūtānsvakairdhanaiḥ
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • svārthaparān -
  • svārthapara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
    svārthapara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • mūḍhān -
  • mūḍha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    muh -> mūḍha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √muh class 4 verb]
  • pṛthagbhūtān -
  • pṛthagbhūta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • svakair -
  • svaka (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    svaka (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • dhanaiḥ -
  • dhana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    dhana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “viditvā bhedayantyetānamitrā mitrarūpiṇaḥ
  • viditvā -
  • vid -> viditvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vid]
  • bhedayantye -
  • bhid -> bhedayantī (participle, feminine)
    [compound from √bhid], [adverb from √bhid]
    bhid -> bhedayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √bhid], [nominative plural from √bhid], [vocative dual from √bhid], [vocative plural from √bhid], [accusative dual from √bhid], [accusative plural from √bhid]
    bhid -> bhedayantī (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √bhid], [vocative single from √bhid]
    bhedayat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    bhid (verb class 0)
    [present active third plural]
  • etān -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • amitrā* -
  • amitra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    amitrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • mitra -
  • mitra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mitra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rūpiṇaḥ -
  • rūpiṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    rūpin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    rūpin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.25.13

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.25.13 in Kannada sript:
ತತಃ ಸ್ವಾರ್ಥಪರಾನ್ಮೂಢಾನ್ಪೃಥಗ್ಭೂತಾನ್ಸ್ವಕೈರ್ಧನೈಃ ।
ವಿದಿತ್ವಾ ಭೇದಯನ್ತ್ಯೇತಾನಮಿತ್ರಾ ಮಿತ್ರರೂಪಿಣಃ ॥ ೧೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.25.13 in Bengali sript:
ততঃ স্বার্থপরান্মূঢান্পৃথগ্ভূতান্স্বকৈর্ধনৈঃ ।
বিদিত্বা ভেদযন্ত্যেতানমিত্রা মিত্ররূপিণঃ ॥ ১৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.25.13 in Gujarati sript:
તતઃ સ્વાર્થપરાન્મૂઢાન્પૃથગ્ભૂતાન્સ્વકૈર્ધનૈઃ ।
વિદિત્વા ભેદયન્ત્યેતાનમિત્રા મિત્રરૂપિણઃ ॥ ૧૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.25.13 in Malayalam sript:
തതഃ സ്വാര്ഥപരാന്മൂഢാന്പൃഥഗ്ഭൂതാന്സ്വകൈര്ധനൈഃ ।
വിദിത്വാ ഭേദയന്ത്യേതാനമിത്രാ മിത്രരൂപിണഃ ॥ ൧൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.25.13 in Telugu sript:
తతః స్వార్థపరాన్మూఢాన్పృథగ్భూతాన్స్వకైర్ధనైః ।
విదిత్వా భేదయన్త్యేతానమిత్రా మిత్రరూపిణః ॥ ౧౩ ॥

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