Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.17.28

ततो महीं लवणजलं च सागरं महासुराः प्रविविशुरर्दिताः सुरैः ।
वियद्गतं ज्वलितहुताशनप्रभं सुदर्शनं परिकुपितं निशाम्य च ॥ २८ ॥

tato mahīṃ lavaṇajalaṃ ca sāgaraṃ mahāsurāḥ praviviśurarditāḥ suraiḥ |
viyadgataṃ jvalitahutāśanaprabhaṃ sudarśanaṃ parikupitaṃ niśāmya ca || 28 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...creation. The divine Mahesvara held it in his throat, and it is said that from that time he is called Nilakantha (blue-throated). Seeing all these wondrous things, the Asuras were filled...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.17.28). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Mahi, Lavanajala, Sagara, Mahasura, Pra, Ardita, Sura, Viyadgata, Jvalita, Hutashana, Prabha, Sudarshana, Parikupita, Nish, Nisha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.17.28). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato mahīṃ lavaṇajalaṃ ca sāgaraṃ mahāsurāḥ praviviśurarditāḥ suraiḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • mahīm -
  • mahī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • lavaṇajalam -
  • lavaṇajala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    lavaṇajala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    lavaṇajalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sāgaram -
  • sāgara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sāgara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sāgarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mahāsurāḥ -
  • mahāsura (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • viviśur -
  • viś (verb class 6)
    [perfect active third plural]
    viś (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • arditāḥ -
  • ardita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    arditā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • suraiḥ -
  • sura (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    sura (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “viyadgataṃ jvalitahutāśanaprabhaṃ sudarśanaṃ parikupitaṃ niśāmya ca
  • viyadgatam -
  • viyadgata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    viyadgata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    viyadgatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jvalita -
  • jvalita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jvalita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √jval]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √jval]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √jval class 1 verb], [vocative single from √jval]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √jval class 1 verb], [vocative single from √jval]
  • hutāśana -
  • hutāśana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prabham -
  • prabhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    prabha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    prabha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sudarśanam -
  • sudarśana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sudarśana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sudarśanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • parikupitam -
  • parikupita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    parikupita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    parikupitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • niśām -
  • niś (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    niśā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ya -
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.17.28

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.17.28 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ಮಹೀಂ ಲವಣಜಲಂ ಚ ಸಾಗರಂ ಮಹಾಸುರಾಃ ಪ್ರವಿವಿಶುರರ್ದಿತಾಃ ಸುರೈಃ ।
ವಿಯದ್ಗತಂ ಜ್ವಲಿತಹುತಾಶನಪ್ರಭಂ ಸುದರ್ಶನಂ ಪರಿಕುಪಿತಂ ನಿಶಾಮ್ಯ ಚ ॥ ೨೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.17.28 in Bengali sript:
ততো মহীং লবণজলং চ সাগরং মহাসুরাঃ প্রবিবিশুরর্দিতাঃ সুরৈঃ ।
বিযদ্গতং জ্বলিতহুতাশনপ্রভং সুদর্শনং পরিকুপিতং নিশাম্য চ ॥ ২৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.17.28 in Gujarati sript:
તતો મહીં લવણજલં ચ સાગરં મહાસુરાઃ પ્રવિવિશુરર્દિતાઃ સુરૈઃ ।
વિયદ્ગતં જ્વલિતહુતાશનપ્રભં સુદર્શનં પરિકુપિતં નિશામ્ય ચ ॥ ૨૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.17.28 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ മഹീം ലവണജലം ച സാഗരം മഹാസുരാഃ പ്രവിവിശുരര്ദിതാഃ സുരൈഃ ।
വിയദ്ഗതം ജ്വലിതഹുതാശനപ്രഭം സുദര്ശനം പരികുപിതം നിശാമ്യ ച ॥ ൨൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.17.28 in Telugu sript:
తతో మహీం లవణజలం చ సాగరం మహాసురాః ప్రవివిశురర్దితాః సురైః ।
వియద్గతం జ్వలితహుతాశనప్రభం సుదర్శనం పరికుపితం నిశామ్య చ ॥ ౨౮ ॥

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