Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.17.18

एवं सुतुमुले युद्धे वर्तमाने भयावहे ।
नरनारायणौ देवौ समाजग्मतुराहवम् ॥ १८ ॥

evaṃ sutumule yuddhe vartamāne bhayāvahe |
naranārāyaṇau devau samājagmaturāhavam || 18 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...amrita mingled with the waters of the Ocean. And the celestials attained to immortality by drinking of the water mixed with those gums and with the liquid extract of gold. By degrees, the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.17.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Evam, Eva, Sutumula, Yuddha, Vartamana, Bhayavaha, Naranarayana, Deva, Sama, Ahava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.17.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “evaṃ sutumule yuddhe vartamāne bhayāvahe
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sutumule -
  • sutumula (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sutumula (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sutumulā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • yuddhe -
  • yuddha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yuddha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    yuddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [locative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddhā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative single from √yudh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • vartamāne -
  • vartamāna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vartamāna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vartamānā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vṛt -> vartamāna (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vartamāna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb], [locative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vartamānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb], [vocative single from √vṛt class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √vṛt class 1 verb]
  • bhayāvahe -
  • bhayāvaha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhayāvaha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    bhayāvahā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “naranārāyaṇau devau samājagmaturāhavam
  • naranārāyaṇau -
  • naranārāyaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • devau -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • samā -
  • samā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    samā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • jagmatur -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third dual]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third dual]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [perfect active third dual]
  • āhavam -
  • āhava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.17.18

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.17.18 in Kannada sript:
ಏವಂ ಸುತುಮುಲೇ ಯುದ್ಧೇ ವರ್ತಮಾನೇ ಭಯಾವಹೇ ।
ನರನಾರಾಯಣೌ ದೇವೌ ಸಮಾಜಗ್ಮತುರಾಹವಮ್ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.17.18 in Bengali sript:
এবং সুতুমুলে যুদ্ধে বর্তমানে ভযাবহে ।
নরনারাযণৌ দেবৌ সমাজগ্মতুরাহবম্ ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.17.18 in Gujarati sript:
એવં સુતુમુલે યુદ્ધે વર્તમાને ભયાવહે ।
નરનારાયણૌ દેવૌ સમાજગ્મતુરાહવમ્ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.17.18 in Malayalam sript:
ഏവം സുതുമുലേ യുദ്ധേ വര്തമാനേ ഭയാവഹേ ।
നരനാരായണൌ ദേവൌ സമാജഗ്മതുരാഹവമ് ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.17.18 in Telugu sript:
ఏవం సుతుములే యుద్ధే వర్తమానే భయావహే ।
నరనారాయణౌ దేవౌ సమాజగ్మతురాహవమ్ ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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