Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.17.8

ततो वैरविनिर्बन्धः कृतो राहुमुखेन वै ।
शाश्वतश्चन्द्रसूर्याभ्यां ग्रसत्यद्यापि चैव तौ ॥ ८ ॥

tato vairavinirbandhaḥ kṛto rāhumukhena vai |
śāśvataścandrasūryābhyāṃ grasatyadyāpi caiva tau || 8 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...shall not go without a share of it. I am able to bear the prodigious agitation of my waters set up by the mountain.' The gods then went to the king of tortoises and said to him, 'O...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.17.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Vaira, Vinirbandha, Krit, Krita, Rahumukha, Ina, Shashvata, Candrasurya, Grasati, Grasat, Adyapi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.17.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato vairavinirbandhaḥ kṛto rāhumukhena vai
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • vaira -
  • vaira (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vaira (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vinirbandhaḥ -
  • vinirbandha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛto* -
  • kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • rāhumukhe -
  • rāhumukha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • ina -
  • ina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ina (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • Line 2: “śāśvataścandrasūryābhyāṃ grasatyadyāpi caiva tau
  • śāśvataś -
  • śāśvata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • candrasūryābhyām -
  • candrasūrya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
  • grasatya -
  • grasatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    gras -> grasat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √gras class 1 verb]
    gras -> grasat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √gras class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √gras class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √gras class 1 verb], [locative single from √gras class 1 verb]
    grasat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    grasat (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    grasat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    gras (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • adyāpi -
  • adyāpi (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • tau -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.17.8

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.17.8 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ವೈರವಿನಿರ್ಬನ್ಧಃ ಕೃತೋ ರಾಹುಮುಖೇನ ವೈ ।
ಶಾಶ್ವತಶ್ಚನ್ದ್ರಸೂರ್ಯಾಭ್ಯಾಂ ಗ್ರಸತ್ಯದ್ಯಾಪಿ ಚೈವ ತೌ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.17.8 in Bengali sript:
ততো বৈরবিনির্বন্ধঃ কৃতো রাহুমুখেন বৈ ।
শাশ্বতশ্চন্দ্রসূর্যাভ্যাং গ্রসত্যদ্যাপি চৈব তৌ ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.17.8 in Gujarati sript:
તતો વૈરવિનિર્બન્ધઃ કૃતો રાહુમુખેન વૈ ।
શાશ્વતશ્ચન્દ્રસૂર્યાભ્યાં ગ્રસત્યદ્યાપિ ચૈવ તૌ ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.17.8 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ വൈരവിനിര്ബന്ധഃ കൃതോ രാഹുമുഖേന വൈ ।
ശാശ്വതശ്ചന്ദ്രസൂര്യാഭ്യാം ഗ്രസത്യദ്യാപി ചൈവ തൌ ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.17.8 in Telugu sript:
తతో వైరవినిర్బన్ధః కృతో రాహుముఖేన వై ।
శాశ్వతశ్చన్ద్రసూర్యాభ్యాం గ్రసత్యద్యాపి చైవ తౌ ॥ ౮ ॥

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