Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.8.20

ततः सर्वे द्विजवराः समाजग्मुः कृपान्विताः ।
स्वस्त्यात्रेयो महाजानुः कुशिकः शङ्खमेखलः ॥ २० ॥

tataḥ sarve dvijavarāḥ samājagmuḥ kṛpānvitāḥ |
svastyātreyo mahājānuḥ kuśikaḥ śaṅkhamekhalaḥ || 20 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...alone, I have resolved to take her away by force from the hermitage. My heart burns with rage when I reflect that Bhrigu has got possession of this woman of slender waist, first betrothed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.8.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Sarva, Dvijavara, Sama, Kripanvita, Svastyatreya, Mahajanu, Kushika, Shankhamekhala,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.8.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ sarve dvijavarāḥ samājagmuḥ kṛpānvitāḥ
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • dvijavarāḥ -
  • dvijavara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • samā -
  • samā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    samā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • jagmuḥ -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • kṛpānvitāḥ -
  • kṛpānvita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṛpānvitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “svastyātreyo mahājānuḥ kuśikaḥ śaṅkhamekhalaḥ
  • svastyātreyo* -
  • svastyātreya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahājānuḥ -
  • mahājānu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kuśikaḥ -
  • kuśika (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śaṅkhamekhalaḥ -
  • śaṅkhamekhala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.8.20

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.8.20 in Kannada sript:
ತತಃ ಸರ್ವೇ ದ್ವಿಜವರಾಃ ಸಮಾಜಗ್ಮುಃ ಕೃಪಾನ್ವಿತಾಃ ।
ಸ್ವಸ್ತ್ಯಾತ್ರೇಯೋ ಮಹಾಜಾನುಃ ಕುಶಿಕಃ ಶಙ್ಖಮೇಖಲಃ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.8.20 in Bengali sript:
ততঃ সর্বে দ্বিজবরাঃ সমাজগ্মুঃ কৃপান্বিতাঃ ।
স্বস্ত্যাত্রেযো মহাজানুঃ কুশিকঃ শঙ্খমেখলঃ ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.8.20 in Gujarati sript:
તતઃ સર્વે દ્વિજવરાઃ સમાજગ્મુઃ કૃપાન્વિતાઃ ।
સ્વસ્ત્યાત્રેયો મહાજાનુઃ કુશિકઃ શઙ્ખમેખલઃ ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.8.20 in Malayalam sript:
തതഃ സര്വേ ദ്വിജവരാഃ സമാജഗ്മുഃ കൃപാന്വിതാഃ ।
സ്വസ്ത്യാത്രേയോ മഹാജാനുഃ കുശികഃ ശങ്ഖമേഖലഃ ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.8.20 in Telugu sript:
తతః సర్వే ద్విజవరాః సమాజగ్ముః కృపాన్వితాః ।
స్వస్త్యాత్రేయో మహాజానుః కుశికః శఙ్ఖమేఖలః ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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