Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.4.2

पौराणिकः पुराणे कृतश्रमः स तान्कृताञ्जलिरुवाच ।
किं भवन्तः श्रोतुमिच्छन्ति ।
किमहं ब्रुवाणीति ॥ २ ॥

paurāṇikaḥ purāṇe kṛtaśramaḥ sa tānkṛtāñjaliruvāca |
kiṃ bhavantaḥ śrotumicchanti |
kimahaṃ bruvāṇīti || 2 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...answer said, 'And because dost you impute uncleanliness to food that is clean, therefore shalt you be without issue.' And Utanka thereupon rejoined, 'It behoves you not, after...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.4.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pauranika, Purana, Kritashrama, Kritanjali, Kim, Bhavanta, Bhavat, Bhavant, Shrotu, Icchat, Icchanti, Aha, Asmad, Bruva, Iti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.4.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “paurāṇikaḥ purāṇe kṛtaśramaḥ sa tānkṛtāñjaliruvāca
  • paurāṇikaḥ -
  • paurāṇika (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • purāṇe -
  • purāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    purāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • kṛtaśramaḥ -
  • kṛtaśrama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tān -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • kṛtāñjalir -
  • kṛtāñjali (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛtāñjali (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “kiṃ bhavantaḥ śrotumicchanti
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bhavantaḥ -
  • bhavanta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
  • śrotum -
  • śru -> śrotum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √śru]
    śrotu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • icchanti -
  • iṣ -> icchat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √iṣ class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √iṣ class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √iṣ class 6 verb]
    iṣ -> icchantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √iṣ class 6 verb]
    iṣ (verb class 6)
    [present active third plural]
  • Line 3: “kimahaṃ bruvāṇīti
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • bruvāṇī -
  • bruva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.4.2

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.4.2 in Kannada sript:
ಪೌರಾಣಿಕಃ ಪುರಾಣೇ ಕೃತಶ್ರಮಃ ಸ ತಾನ್ಕೃತಾಞ್ಜಲಿರುವಾಚ ।
ಕಿಂ ಭವನ್ತಃ ಶ್ರೋತುಮಿಚ್ಛನ್ತಿ ।
ಕಿಮಹಂ ಬ್ರುವಾಣೀತಿ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.4.2 in Bengali sript:
পৌরাণিকঃ পুরাণে কৃতশ্রমঃ স তান্কৃতাঞ্জলিরুবাচ ।
কিং ভবন্তঃ শ্রোতুমিচ্ছন্তি ।
কিমহং ব্রুবাণীতি ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.4.2 in Gujarati sript:
પૌરાણિકઃ પુરાણે કૃતશ્રમઃ સ તાન્કૃતાઞ્જલિરુવાચ ।
કિં ભવન્તઃ શ્રોતુમિચ્છન્તિ ।
કિમહં બ્રુવાણીતિ ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.4.2 in Malayalam sript:
പൌരാണികഃ പുരാണേ കൃതശ്രമഃ സ താന്കൃതാഞ്ജലിരുവാച ।
കിം ഭവന്തഃ ശ്രോതുമിച്ഛന്തി ।
കിമഹം ബ്രുവാണീതി ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.4.2 in Telugu sript:
పౌరాణికః పురాణే కృతశ్రమః స తాన్కృతాఞ్జలిరువాచ ।
కిం భవన్తః శ్రోతుమిచ్ఛన్తి ।
కిమహం బ్రువాణీతి ॥ ౨ ॥

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