Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.3.18

तेनैवमुक्ता भ्रातरस्तस्य तथा चक्रुः ।
स तथा भ्रातॄन्संदिश्य तक्षशिलां प्रत्यभिप्रतस्थे ।
तं च देशं वशे स्थापयामास ॥ १८ ॥

tenaivamuktā bhrātarastasya tathā cakruḥ |
sa tathā bhrātṝnsaṃdiśya takṣaśilāṃ pratyabhipratasthe |
taṃ ca deśaṃ vaśe sthāpayāmāsa || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...expatiated upon. This is the twelfth Parva the favourite of the wise. It consists of three hundred and thirty-nine sections, and contains fourteen thousand, seven hundred and thirty-two...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.3.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tena, Evam, Eva, Ukta, Bhratri, Tatha, Cakru, Sad, Takshashila, Prati, Desha, Vasha, Vashi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.3.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tenaivamuktā bhrātarastasya tathā cakruḥ
  • tenai -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • uktā* -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    uktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> uktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [accusative plural from √vac class 3 verb]
  • bhrātaras -
  • bhrātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • cakruḥ -
  • cakru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    cakru (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • Line 2: “sa tathā bhrātṝnsaṃdiśya takṣaśilāṃ pratyabhipratasthe
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tathā* -
  • tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • bhrātṝn -
  • bhrātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • sandi -
  • sad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śya -
  • śā (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • takṣaśilām -
  • takṣaśilā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • pratya -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • abhipra -
  • abhipra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • tasthe -
  • sthā (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • Line 3: “taṃ ca deśaṃ vaśe sthāpayāmāsa
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • deśam -
  • deśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    deśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vaśe -
  • vaśa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vaśa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vaśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vaśi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    vaśi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • sthāpayāmā -
  • sthā (verb class 0)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • asa -
  • asan (noun, neuter)
    [compound]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.3.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.3.18 in Kannada sript:
ತೇನೈವಮುಕ್ತಾ ಭ್ರಾತರಸ್ತಸ್ಯ ತಥಾ ಚಕ್ರುಃ ।
ಸ ತಥಾ ಭ್ರಾತೄನ್ಸಂದಿಶ್ಯ ತಕ್ಷಶಿಲಾಂ ಪ್ರತ್ಯಭಿಪ್ರತಸ್ಥೇ ।
ತಂ ಚ ದೇಶಂ ವಶೇ ಸ್ಥಾಪಯಾಮಾಸ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.3.18 in Bengali sript:
তেনৈবমুক্তা ভ্রাতরস্তস্য তথা চক্রুঃ ।
স তথা ভ্রাতৄন্সংদিশ্য তক্ষশিলাং প্রত্যভিপ্রতস্থে ।
তং চ দেশং বশে স্থাপযামাস ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.3.18 in Gujarati sript:
તેનૈવમુક્તા ભ્રાતરસ્તસ્ય તથા ચક્રુઃ ।
સ તથા ભ્રાતૄન્સંદિશ્ય તક્ષશિલાં પ્રત્યભિપ્રતસ્થે ।
તં ચ દેશં વશે સ્થાપયામાસ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.3.18 in Malayalam sript:
തേനൈവമുക്താ ഭ്രാതരസ്തസ്യ തഥാ ചക്രുഃ ।
സ തഥാ ഭ്രാതൄന്സംദിശ്യ തക്ഷശിലാം പ്രത്യഭിപ്രതസ്ഥേ ।
തം ച ദേശം വശേ സ്ഥാപയാമാസ ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.3.18 in Telugu sript:
తేనైవముక్తా భ్రాతరస్తస్య తథా చక్రుః ।
స తథా భ్రాతౄన్సందిశ్య తక్షశిలాం ప్రత్యభిప్రతస్థే ।
తం చ దేశం వశే స్థాపయామాస ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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