Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.2.238

अस्याख्यानस्य विषये पुराणं वर्तते द्विजाः ।
अन्तरिक्षस्य विषये प्रजा इव चतुर्विधाः ॥ २३८ ॥

asyākhyānasya viṣaye purāṇaṃ vartate dvijāḥ |
antarikṣasya viṣaye prajā iva caturvidhāḥ || 238 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...rage at the thought of his father’s fate, resolved to slay the slumbering Pancalas. And wending to the gate of the camp, he saw there a Rakshasa of frightful visage, his head reaching to...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.2.238). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Asi, Idam, Akhyana, Vishaya, Purana, Vartat, Dvija, Antariksha, Praja, Prajas, Iva, Caturvidha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.2.238). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “asyākhyānasya viṣaye purāṇaṃ vartate dvijāḥ
  • asyā -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [instrumental single]
    as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active second single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ākhyānasya -
  • ākhyāna (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • viṣaye -
  • viṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • purāṇam -
  • purāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    purāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vartate -
  • vṛt -> vartat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vartat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • dvijāḥ -
  • dvija (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dvijā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “antarikṣasya viṣaye prajā iva caturvidhāḥ
  • antarikṣasya -
  • antarikṣa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • viṣaye -
  • viṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • prajā* -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    prajas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • caturvidhāḥ -
  • caturvidha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    caturvidhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.2.238

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.2.238 in Kannada sript:
ಅಸ್ಯಾಖ್ಯಾನಸ್ಯ ವಿಷಯೇ ಪುರಾಣಂ ವರ್ತತೇ ದ್ವಿಜಾಃ ।
ಅನ್ತರಿಕ್ಷಸ್ಯ ವಿಷಯೇ ಪ್ರಜಾ ಇವ ಚತುರ್ವಿಧಾಃ ॥ ೨೩೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.2.238 in Bengali sript:
অস্যাখ্যানস্য বিষযে পুরাণং বর্ততে দ্বিজাঃ ।
অন্তরিক্ষস্য বিষযে প্রজা ইব চতুর্বিধাঃ ॥ ২৩৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.2.238 in Gujarati sript:
અસ્યાખ્યાનસ્ય વિષયે પુરાણં વર્તતે દ્વિજાઃ ।
અન્તરિક્ષસ્ય વિષયે પ્રજા ઇવ ચતુર્વિધાઃ ॥ ૨૩૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.2.238 in Malayalam sript:
അസ്യാഖ്യാനസ്യ വിഷയേ പുരാണം വര്തതേ ദ്വിജാഃ ।
അന്തരിക്ഷസ്യ വിഷയേ പ്രജാ ഇവ ചതുര്വിധാഃ ॥ ൨൩൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.2.238 in Telugu sript:
అస్యాఖ్యానస్య విషయే పురాణం వర్తతే ద్విజాః ।
అన్తరిక్షస్య విషయే ప్రజా ఇవ చతుర్విధాః ॥ ౨౩౮ ॥

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