Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.2.237

इतिहासोत्तमादस्माज्जायन्ते कविबुद्धयः ।
पञ्चभ्य इव भूतेभ्यो लोकसंविधयस्त्रयः ॥ २३७ ॥

itihāsottamādasmājjāyante kavibuddhayaḥ |
pañcabhya iva bhūtebhyo lokasaṃvidhayastrayaḥ || 237 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...sun was setting. While sitting under a large banian tree in the night, they saw an owl killing numerous crows one after another. At the sight of this, Asvatthaman, his heart full of rage...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.2.237). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kavi, Buddhi, Pancan, Iva, Bhuta, Loka, Samvidhi, Traya, Tri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.2.237). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “itihāsottamādasmājjāyante kavibuddhayaḥ
  • Cannot analyse itihāsottamādasmājjāyante*ka
  • kavi -
  • kavi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kavi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    kavi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • buddhayaḥ -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “pañcabhya iva bhūtebhyo lokasaṃvidhayastrayaḥ
  • pañcabhya* -
  • pañcan (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    pañcan (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • bhūtebhyo* -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    bhūta (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • loka -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṃvidhayas -
  • saṃvidhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • trayaḥ -
  • traya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.2.237

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.2.237 in Kannada sript:
ಇತಿಹಾಸೋತ್ತಮಾದಸ್ಮಾಜ್ಜಾಯನ್ತೇ ಕವಿಬುದ್ಧಯಃ ।
ಪಞ್ಚಭ್ಯ ಇವ ಭೂತೇಭ್ಯೋ ಲೋಕಸಂವಿಧಯಸ್ತ್ರಯಃ ॥ ೨೩೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.2.237 in Bengali sript:
ইতিহাসোত্তমাদস্মাজ্জাযন্তে কবিবুদ্ধযঃ ।
পঞ্চভ্য ইব ভূতেভ্যো লোকসংবিধযস্ত্রযঃ ॥ ২৩৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.2.237 in Gujarati sript:
ઇતિહાસોત્તમાદસ્માજ્જાયન્તે કવિબુદ્ધયઃ ।
પઞ્ચભ્ય ઇવ ભૂતેભ્યો લોકસંવિધયસ્ત્રયઃ ॥ ૨૩૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.2.237 in Malayalam sript:
ഇതിഹാസോത്തമാദസ്മാജ്ജായന്തേ കവിബുദ്ധയഃ ।
പഞ്ചഭ്യ ഇവ ഭൂതേഭ്യോ ലോകസംവിധയസ്ത്രയഃ ॥ ൨൩൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.2.237 in Telugu sript:
ఇతిహాసోత్తమాదస్మాజ్జాయన్తే కవిబుద్ధయః ।
పఞ్చభ్య ఇవ భూతేభ్యో లోకసంవిధయస్త్రయః ॥ ౨౩౭ ॥

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