Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.2.212

तत आश्रमवासाक्यं पर्व पञ्चदशं स्मृतम् ।
यत्र राज्यं परित्यज्य गान्धारीसहितो नृपः ।
धृतराष्ट्राश्रमपदं विदुरश्च जगाम ह ॥ २१२ ॥

tata āśramavāsākyaṃ parva pañcadaśaṃ smṛtam |
yatra rājyaṃ parityajya gāndhārīsahito nṛpaḥ |
dhṛtarāṣṭrāśramapadaṃ viduraśca jagāma ha || 212 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...battle to please Duryodhana; then the retreat of Arjuna from the field before the Sansaptakas, then the overthrow of Bhagadatta like to a second Indra in the field, with the elephant Supritika...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.2.212). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Ashrama, Vasa, Kya, Parvan, Pancadasha, Smrita, Yatra, Rajya, Parityajya, Gandhari, Sahitri, Sahita, Nripa, Dhritarashtra, Ashramapada, Vidura, Han,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.2.212). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tata āśramavāsākyaṃ parva pañcadaśaṃ smṛtam
  • tata* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • āśrama -
  • āśrama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āśrama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vāsā -
  • vāsā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kyam -
  • kya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • parva -
  • parvan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parv (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • pañcadaśam -
  • pañcadaśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pañcadaśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pañcadaśan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    pañcadaśan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
  • smṛtam -
  • smṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    smṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    smṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    smṛ -> smṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √smṛ class 1 verb]
    smṛ -> smṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √smṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √smṛ class 1 verb]
  • Line 2: “yatra rājyaṃ parityajya gāndhārīsahito nṛpaḥ
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rājyam -
  • rājya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rājya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rājyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √rāj], [accusative single from √rāj]
  • parityajya -
  • parityajya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • gāndhārī -
  • gāndhārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    gāndhāri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sahito* -
  • sahitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    sahita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sah -> sahita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sah class 1 verb], [nominative single from √sah class 10 verb]
  • nṛpaḥ -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “dhṛtarāṣṭrāśramapadaṃ viduraśca jagāma ha
  • dhṛtarāṣṭrā -
  • dhṛtarāṣṭra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhṛtarāṣṭrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • āśramapadam -
  • āśramapada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • viduraś -
  • vidura (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jagāma -
  • (verb class 3)
    [imperative active first plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • ha -
  • ha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    han (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.2.212

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.2.212 in Kannada sript:
ತತ ಆಶ್ರಮವಾಸಾಕ್ಯಂ ಪರ್ವ ಪಞ್ಚದಶಂ ಸ್ಮೃತಮ್ ।
ಯತ್ರ ರಾಜ್ಯಂ ಪರಿತ್ಯಜ್ಯ ಗಾನ್ಧಾರೀಸಹಿತೋ ನೃಪಃ ।
ಧೃತರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಾಶ್ರಮಪದಂ ವಿದುರಶ್ಚ ಜಗಾಮ ಹ ॥ ೨೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.2.212 in Bengali sript:
তত আশ্রমবাসাক্যং পর্ব পঞ্চদশং স্মৃতম্ ।
যত্র রাজ্যং পরিত্যজ্য গান্ধারীসহিতো নৃপঃ ।
ধৃতরাষ্ট্রাশ্রমপদং বিদুরশ্চ জগাম হ ॥ ২১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.2.212 in Gujarati sript:
તત આશ્રમવાસાક્યં પર્વ પઞ્ચદશં સ્મૃતમ્ ।
યત્ર રાજ્યં પરિત્યજ્ય ગાન્ધારીસહિતો નૃપઃ ।
ધૃતરાષ્ટ્રાશ્રમપદં વિદુરશ્ચ જગામ હ ॥ ૨૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.2.212 in Malayalam sript:
തത ആശ്രമവാസാക്യം പര്വ പഞ്ചദശം സ്മൃതമ് ।
യത്ര രാജ്യം പരിത്യജ്യ ഗാന്ധാരീസഹിതോ നൃപഃ ।
ധൃതരാഷ്ട്രാശ്രമപദം വിദുരശ്ച ജഗാമ ഹ ॥ ൨൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.2.212 in Telugu sript:
తత ఆశ్రమవాసాక్యం పర్వ పఞ్చదశం స్మృతమ్ ।
యత్ర రాజ్యం పరిత్యజ్య గాన్ధారీసహితో నృపః ।
ధృతరాష్ట్రాశ్రమపదం విదురశ్చ జగామ హ ॥ ౨౧౨ ॥

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