Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.2.175

शल्यस्य निधनं चात्र धर्मराजान्महारथात् ।
गदायुद्धं तु तुमुलमत्रैव परिकीर्तितम् ।
सरस्वत्याश्च तीर्थानां पुण्यता परिकीर्तिता ॥ १७५ ॥

śalyasya nidhanaṃ cātra dharmarājānmahārathāt |
gadāyuddhaṃ tu tumulamatraiva parikīrtitam |
sarasvatyāśca tīrthānāṃ puṇyatā parikīrtitā || 175 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...against whom it might be hurled; then the story called Aranya in which Dharma (the god of justice) gave advice to his son (Yudhishthira); in which, besides is recited how the Pandavas...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.2.175). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shalya, Nidhana, Dharmaraja, Maharatha, Gadayuddha, Tumula, Atraiva, Parikirtita, Sarasvati, Tirtha, Punyata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.2.175). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śalyasya nidhanaṃ cātra dharmarājānmahārathāt
  • śalyasya -
  • śalya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    śalya (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    śal -> śalya (participle, masculine)
    [genitive single from √śal class 10 verb]
    śal -> śalya (participle, neuter)
    [genitive single from √śal class 10 verb]
  • nidhanam -
  • nidhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nidhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nidhanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • cāt -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ra -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dharmarājān -
  • dharmarāja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
  • mahārathāt -
  • mahāratha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    mahāratha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • Line 2: “gadāyuddhaṃ tu tumulamatraiva parikīrtitam
  • gadāyuddham -
  • gadāyuddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tumulam -
  • tumula (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tumula (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tumulā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • atraiva -
  • atraiva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • parikīrtitam -
  • parikīrtita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    parikīrtita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    parikīrtitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 3: “sarasvatyāśca tīrthānāṃ puṇyatā parikīrtitā
  • sarasvatyāś -
  • sarasvatī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tīrthānām -
  • tīrtha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • puṇyatā -
  • puṇyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • parikīrtitā -
  • parikīrtitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.2.175

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.2.175 in Kannada sript:
ಶಲ್ಯಸ್ಯ ನಿಧನಂ ಚಾತ್ರ ಧರ್ಮರಾಜಾನ್ಮಹಾರಥಾತ್ ।
ಗದಾಯುದ್ಧಂ ತು ತುಮುಲಮತ್ರೈವ ಪರಿಕೀರ್ತಿತಮ್ ।
ಸರಸ್ವತ್ಯಾಶ್ಚ ತೀರ್ಥಾನಾಂ ಪುಣ್ಯತಾ ಪರಿಕೀರ್ತಿತಾ ॥ ೧೭೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.2.175 in Bengali sript:
শল্যস্য নিধনং চাত্র ধর্মরাজান্মহারথাত্ ।
গদাযুদ্ধং তু তুমুলমত্রৈব পরিকীর্তিতম্ ।
সরস্বত্যাশ্চ তীর্থানাং পুণ্যতা পরিকীর্তিতা ॥ ১৭৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.2.175 in Gujarati sript:
શલ્યસ્ય નિધનં ચાત્ર ધર્મરાજાન્મહારથાત્ ।
ગદાયુદ્ધં તુ તુમુલમત્રૈવ પરિકીર્તિતમ્ ।
સરસ્વત્યાશ્ચ તીર્થાનાં પુણ્યતા પરિકીર્તિતા ॥ ૧૭૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.2.175 in Malayalam sript:
ശല്യസ്യ നിധനം ചാത്ര ധര്മരാജാന്മഹാരഥാത് ।
ഗദായുദ്ധം തു തുമുലമത്രൈവ പരികീര്തിതമ് ।
സരസ്വത്യാശ്ച തീര്ഥാനാം പുണ്യതാ പരികീര്തിതാ ॥ ൧൭൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.2.175 in Telugu sript:
శల్యస్య నిధనం చాత్ర ధర్మరాజాన్మహారథాత్ ।
గదాయుద్ధం తు తుములమత్రైవ పరికీర్తితమ్ ।
సరస్వత్యాశ్చ తీర్థానాం పుణ్యతా పరికీర్తితా ॥ ౧౭౫ ॥

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