Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.2.80

प्रतिज्ञापालनं चैव रक्षा चित्राङ्गदस्य च ।
हते चित्राङ्गदे चैव रक्षा भ्रातुर्यवीयसः ॥ ८० ॥

pratijñāpālanaṃ caiva rakṣā citrāṅgadasya ca |
hate citrāṅgade caiva rakṣā bhrāturyavīyasaḥ || 80 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...comes, you must know, is the story of Amba. Then comes the thrilling story of the installation of Bhishma as commander-in-chief. The next is called the creation of the insular region...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.2.80). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pratijnapalana, Raksha, Citrangada, Hata, Hati, Rakshas, Bhratri, Yaviyas, Yaviyasa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.2.80). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pratijñāpālanaṃ caiva rakṣā citrāṅgadasya ca
  • pratijñāpālanam -
  • pratijñāpālana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • rakṣā -
  • rakṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • citrāṅgadasya -
  • citrāṅgada (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    citrāṅgada (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “hate citrāṅgade caiva rakṣā bhrāturyavīyasaḥ
  • hate -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    hata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    hatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    hati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √han class 1 verb], [locative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hata (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √han class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 1 verb], [locative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √han class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 2 verb], [locative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hatā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √han class 1 verb], [vocative single from √han class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √han class 2 verb], [vocative single from √han class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present middle third single]
  • citrāṅgade -
  • citrāṅgada (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    citrāṅgada (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    citrāṅgadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • rakṣā* -
  • rakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rakṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    rakṣas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhrātur -
  • bhrātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • yavīyasaḥ -
  • yavīyas (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yavīyas (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yavīyasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.2.80

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.2.80 in Kannada sript:
ಪ್ರತಿಜ್ಞಾಪಾಲನಂ ಚೈವ ರಕ್ಷಾ ಚಿತ್ರಾಙ್ಗದಸ್ಯ ಚ ।
ಹತೇ ಚಿತ್ರಾಙ್ಗದೇ ಚೈವ ರಕ್ಷಾ ಭ್ರಾತುರ್ಯವೀಯಸಃ ॥ ೮೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.2.80 in Bengali sript:
প্রতিজ্ঞাপালনং চৈব রক্ষা চিত্রাঙ্গদস্য চ ।
হতে চিত্রাঙ্গদে চৈব রক্ষা ভ্রাতুর্যবীযসঃ ॥ ৮০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.2.80 in Gujarati sript:
પ્રતિજ્ઞાપાલનં ચૈવ રક્ષા ચિત્રાઙ્ગદસ્ય ચ ।
હતે ચિત્રાઙ્ગદે ચૈવ રક્ષા ભ્રાતુર્યવીયસઃ ॥ ૮૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.2.80 in Malayalam sript:
പ്രതിജ്ഞാപാലനം ചൈവ രക്ഷാ ചിത്രാങ്ഗദസ്യ ച ।
ഹതേ ചിത്രാങ്ഗദേ ചൈവ രക്ഷാ ഭ്രാതുര്യവീയസഃ ॥ ൮൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.2.80 in Telugu sript:
ప్రతిజ్ఞాపాలనం చైవ రక్షా చిత్రాఙ్గదస్య చ ।
హతే చిత్రాఙ్గదే చైవ రక్షా భ్రాతుర్యవీయసః ॥ ౮౦ ॥

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