Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.2.9

अन्तरे चैव संप्राप्ते कलिद्वापरयोरभूत् ।
समन्तपञ्चके युद्धं कुरुपाण्डवसेनयोः ॥ ९ ॥

antare caiva saṃprāpte kalidvāparayorabhūt |
samantapañcake yuddhaṃ kurupāṇḍavasenayoḥ || 9 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...overcome. Time passes over all things without being retarded. Knowing, as you dost, that all things past and future and all that exist at the present moment, are the offspring of Time, it...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.2.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Antare, Antara, Samprapta, Samprapti, Kali, Dvapara, Samantapancaka, Yuddha, Kurupandava, Sena,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.2.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “antare caiva saṃprāpte kalidvāparayorabhūt
  • antare -
  • antare (indeclinable)
    antara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    antara (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    antarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • samprāpte -
  • samprāpta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    samprāpta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    samprāptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    samprāpti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    samprāpti (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • kali -
  • kali (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kalī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    kalī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    kalī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • dvāparayor -
  • dvāpara (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • abhūt -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • Line 2: “samantapañcake yuddhaṃ kurupāṇḍavasenayoḥ
  • samantapañcake -
  • samantapañcaka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • yuddham -
  • yuddha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yuddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yuddhā (noun, feminine)
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • kurupāṇḍava -
  • kurupāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • senayoḥ -
  • sena (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    sena (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    senā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.2.9

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.2.9 in Kannada sript:
ಅನ್ತರೇ ಚೈವ ಸಂಪ್ರಾಪ್ತೇ ಕಲಿದ್ವಾಪರಯೋರಭೂತ್ ।
ಸಮನ್ತಪಞ್ಚಕೇ ಯುದ್ಧಂ ಕುರುಪಾಣ್ಡವಸೇನಯೋಃ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.2.9 in Bengali sript:
অন্তরে চৈব সংপ্রাপ্তে কলিদ্বাপরযোরভূত্ ।
সমন্তপঞ্চকে যুদ্ধং কুরুপাণ্ডবসেনযোঃ ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.2.9 in Gujarati sript:
અન્તરે ચૈવ સંપ્રાપ્તે કલિદ્વાપરયોરભૂત્ ।
સમન્તપઞ્ચકે યુદ્ધં કુરુપાણ્ડવસેનયોઃ ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.2.9 in Malayalam sript:
അന്തരേ ചൈവ സംപ്രാപ്തേ കലിദ്വാപരയോരഭൂത് ।
സമന്തപഞ്ചകേ യുദ്ധം കുരുപാണ്ഡവസേനയോഃ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 1.2.9 in Telugu sript:
అన్తరే చైవ సంప్రాప్తే కలిద్వాపరయోరభూత్ ।
సమన్తపఞ్చకే యుద్ధం కురుపాణ్డవసేనయోః ॥ ౯ ॥

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