Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.118

यदाश्रौषं माधवं वासुदेवं सर्वात्मना पाण्डवार्थे निविष्टम् ।
यस्येमां गां विक्रममेकमाहुस्तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय ॥ ११८ ॥

yadāśrauṣaṃ mādhavaṃ vāsudevaṃ sarvātmanā pāṇḍavārthe niviṣṭam |
yasyemāṃ gāṃ vikramamekamāhustadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya || 118 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...fortune by his own exertion, with the help of the king of Gandhara he concerted an unfair game at dice. 'Hear, O Sanjaya, all that happened thereupon and came to my knowledge. And when...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.118). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Madhava, Vasudeva, Sarvatman, Sarvatmana, Pandava, Artha, Nivishta, Vikrama, Eka, Tada, Nasha, Vijaya, Sanjaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.118). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadāśrauṣaṃ mādhavaṃ vāsudevaṃ sarvātmanā pāṇḍavārthe niviṣṭam
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • aśrauṣam -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [aorist active first single]
  • mādhavam -
  • mādhava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mādhava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mādhavā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vāsudevam -
  • vāsudeva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāsudeva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vāsudevā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sarvātmanā -
  • sarvātman (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sarvātman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sarvātmanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • pāṇḍavā -
  • pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pāṇḍava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • arthe -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    arth (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • niviṣṭam -
  • niviṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    niviṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    niviṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “yasyemāṃ gāṃ vikramamekamāhustadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
  • yasyemā -
  • yas (verb class 4)
    [optative active first plural]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • gām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    go (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [injunctive active first single]
    (verb class 3)
    [injunctive active first single]
  • vikramam -
  • vikrama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • ekam -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    eka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āhus -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • nāśaṃ -
  • nāśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    naś -> nāśam (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √naś]
    naś -> nāśam (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √naś]
  • se -
  • si (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    sa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present middle second single]
  • vijayāya -
  • vijaya (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    vijaya (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • sañjaya -
  • sañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sañjaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.118

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.1.118 in Kannada sript:
ಯದಾಶ್ರೌಷಂ ಮಾಧವಂ ವಾಸುದೇವಂ ಸರ್ವಾತ್ಮನಾ ಪಾಣ್ಡವಾರ್ಥೇ ನಿವಿಷ್ಟಮ್ ।
ಯಸ್ಯೇಮಾಂ ಗಾಂ ವಿಕ್ರಮಮೇಕಮಾಹುಸ್ತದಾ ನಾಶಂಸೇ ವಿಜಯಾಯ ಸಂಜಯ ॥ ೧೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.1.118 in Bengali sript:
যদাশ্রৌষং মাধবং বাসুদেবং সর্বাত্মনা পাণ্ডবার্থে নিবিষ্টম্ ।
যস্যেমাং গাং বিক্রমমেকমাহুস্তদা নাশংসে বিজযায সংজয ॥ ১১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.1.118 in Gujarati sript:
યદાશ્રૌષં માધવં વાસુદેવં સર્વાત્મના પાણ્ડવાર્થે નિવિષ્ટમ્ ।
યસ્યેમાં ગાં વિક્રમમેકમાહુસ્તદા નાશંસે વિજયાય સંજય ॥ ૧૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.1.118 in Malayalam sript:
യദാശ്രൌഷം മാധവം വാസുദേവം സര്വാത്മനാ പാണ്ഡവാര്ഥേ നിവിഷ്ടമ് ।
യസ്യേമാം ഗാം വിക്രമമേകമാഹുസ്തദാ നാശംസേ വിജയായ സംജയ ॥ ൧൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.1.118 in Telugu sript:
యదాశ్రౌషం మాధవం వాసుదేవం సర్వాత్మనా పాణ్డవార్థే నివిష్టమ్ ।
యస్యేమాం గాం విక్రమమేకమాహుస్తదా నాశంసే విజయాయ సంజయ ॥ ౧౧౮ ॥

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