Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.114

यदाश्रौषं मामकानां वरिष्ठान्धनंजयेनैकरथेन भग्नान् ।
विराटराष्ट्रे वसता महात्मना तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय ॥ ११४ ॥

yadāśrauṣaṃ māmakānāṃ variṣṭhāndhanaṃjayenaikarathena bhagnān |
virāṭarāṣṭre vasatā mahātmanā tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya || 114 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...contempt. You are well-versed in the shastras, intelligent and endowed with wisdom. My inclination was never to war, not did I delight in the destruction of my race. I made no distinction...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.114). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Mamaka, Varishtha, Dhananjaya, Ekaratha, Bhagna, Virata, Rashtra, Rashtri, Vasat, Mahatman, Mahatmana, Tada, Nasha, Vijaya, Sanjaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.114). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadāśrauṣaṃ māmakānāṃ variṣṭhāndhanaṃjayenaikarathena bhagnān
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • aśrauṣam -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [aorist active first single]
  • māmakānām -
  • māmaka (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    māmaka (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    māmakā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • variṣṭhān -
  • variṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • dhanañjayenai -
  • dhanañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    dhanañjaya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • ekarathena -
  • ekaratha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • bhagnān -
  • bhagna (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “virāṭarāṣṭre vasatā mahātmanā tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
  • virāṭa -
  • virāṭa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rāṣṭre -
  • rāṣṭra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    rāṣṭra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    rāṣṭri (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • vasatā -
  • vas -> vasat (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √vas class 1 verb]
    vas -> vasat (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √vas class 1 verb]
  • mahātmanā -
  • mahātman (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    mahātman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    mahātmanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • nāśaṃ -
  • nāśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    naś -> nāśam (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √naś]
    naś -> nāśam (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √naś]
  • se -
  • si (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    sa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present middle second single]
  • vijayāya -
  • vijaya (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    vijaya (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • sañjaya -
  • sañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sañjaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.114

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.1.114 in Kannada sript:
ಯದಾಶ್ರೌಷಂ ಮಾಮಕಾನಾಂ ವರಿಷ್ಠಾನ್ಧನಂಜಯೇನೈಕರಥೇನ ಭಗ್ನಾನ್ ।
ವಿರಾಟರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೇ ವಸತಾ ಮಹಾತ್ಮನಾ ತದಾ ನಾಶಂಸೇ ವಿಜಯಾಯ ಸಂಜಯ ॥ ೧೧೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.1.114 in Bengali sript:
যদাশ্রৌষং মামকানাং বরিষ্ঠান্ধনংজযেনৈকরথেন ভগ্নান্ ।
বিরাটরাষ্ট্রে বসতা মহাত্মনা তদা নাশংসে বিজযায সংজয ॥ ১১৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.1.114 in Gujarati sript:
યદાશ્રૌષં મામકાનાં વરિષ્ઠાન્ધનંજયેનૈકરથેન ભગ્નાન્ ।
વિરાટરાષ્ટ્રે વસતા મહાત્મના તદા નાશંસે વિજયાય સંજય ॥ ૧૧૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.1.114 in Malayalam sript:
യദാശ്രൌഷം മാമകാനാം വരിഷ്ഠാന്ധനംജയേനൈകരഥേന ഭഗ്നാന് ।
വിരാടരാഷ്ട്രേ വസതാ മഹാത്മനാ തദാ നാശംസേ വിജയായ സംജയ ॥ ൧൧൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.1.114 in Telugu sript:
యదాశ్రౌషం మామకానాం వరిష్ఠాన్ధనంజయేనైకరథేన భగ్నాన్ ।
విరాటరాష్ట్రే వసతా మహాత్మనా తదా నాశంసే విజయాయ సంజయ ॥ ౧౧౪ ॥

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