Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.38

एवमेतदनाद्यन्तं भूतसंहारकारकम् ।
अनादिनिधनं लोके चक्रं संपरिवर्तते ॥ ३८ ॥

evametadanādyantaṃ bhūtasaṃhārakārakam |
anādinidhanaṃ loke cakraṃ saṃparivartate || 38 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...and very abundant were the creatures and their places of abode. The mystery which is threefold—the Vedas, Yoga, and Vijnana Dharma, Artha, and Kama—also various books upon the subject of...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.38). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Evam, Eva, Etad, Anadyanta, Bhuta, Samharaka, Araka, Anadinidhana, Loka, Cakra, Samparivarta, Tad, Yushmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.38). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “evametadanādyantaṃ bhūtasaṃhārakārakam
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable)
    etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • anādyantam -
  • anādyanta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anādyanta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    anādyantā (noun, feminine)
  • bhūta -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhūta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [injunctive active second plural]
  • saṃhārakā -
  • saṃhāraka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saṃhāraka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saṃhārakā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • arakam -
  • araka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “anādinidhanaṃ loke cakraṃ saṃparivartate
  • anādinidhanam -
  • anādinidhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anādinidhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    anādinidhanā (noun, feminine)
  • loke -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • cakram -
  • cakra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    cakra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    cakrā (noun, feminine)
  • samparivarta -
  • samparivarta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.38

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.1.38 in Kannada sript:
ಏವಮೇತದನಾದ್ಯನ್ತಂ ಭೂತಸಂಹಾರಕಾರಕಮ್ ।
ಅನಾದಿನಿಧನಂ ಲೋಕೇ ಚಕ್ರಂ ಸಂಪರಿವರ್ತತೇ ॥ ೩೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.1.38 in Bengali sript:
এবমেতদনাদ্যন্তং ভূতসংহারকারকম্ ।
অনাদিনিধনং লোকে চক্রং সংপরিবর্ততে ॥ ৩৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.1.38 in Gujarati sript:
એવમેતદનાદ્યન્તં ભૂતસંહારકારકમ્ ।
અનાદિનિધનં લોકે ચક્રં સંપરિવર્તતે ॥ ૩૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.1.38 in Malayalam sript:
ഏവമേതദനാദ്യന്തം ഭൂതസംഹാരകാരകമ് ।
അനാദിനിധനം ലോകേ ചക്രം സംപരിവര്തതേ ॥ ൩൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 1.1.38 in Telugu sript:
ఏవమేతదనాద్యన్తం భూతసంహారకారకమ్ ।
అనాదినిధనం లోకే చక్రం సంపరివర్తతే ॥ ౩౮ ॥

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