Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.18

जनमेजयस्य यां राज्ञो वैशंपायन उक्तवान् ।
यथावत्स ऋषिस्तुष्ट्या सत्रे द्वैपायनाज्ञया ॥ १८ ॥

janamejayasya yāṃ rājño vaiśaṃpāyana uktavān |
yathāvatsa ṛṣistuṣṭyā satre dvaipāyanājñayā || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...multitudes make offerings, and who is adored by the multitude; who is the true incorruptible one, Brahma, perceptible, imperceptible, eternal; who is both a non-existing and an existing...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Janamejaya, Rajan, Vaishampayana, Uksh, Uktavat, Yathavat, Sah, Rishi, Tushti, Satra, Dvaipayana, Ajna,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “janamejayasya yāṃ rājño vaiśaṃpāyana uktavān
  • janamejayasya -
  • janamejaya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • yām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • rājño* -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • vaiśampāyana*u -
  • vaiśampāyana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vaiśampāyana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • uk -
  • ukṣ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ukṣ (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • uktavān -
  • uktavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vac -> uktavat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • Line 2: “yathāvatsa ṛṣistuṣṭyā satre dvaipāyanājñayā
  • yathāvat -
  • yathāvat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • sa* -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛṣis -
  • ṛṣi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tuṣṭyā -
  • tuṣṭi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • satre -
  • satra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    satra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    satrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • dvaipāyanā -
  • dvaipāyana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dvaipāyana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ajñayā -
  • ajñā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.1.18 in Kannada sript:
ಜನಮೇಜಯಸ್ಯ ಯಾಂ ರಾಜ್ಞೋ ವೈಶಂಪಾಯನ ಉಕ್ತವಾನ್ ।
ಯಥಾವತ್ಸ ಋಷಿಸ್ತುಷ್ಟ್ಯಾ ಸತ್ರೇ ದ್ವೈಪಾಯನಾಜ್ಞಯಾ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.1.18 in Bengali sript:
জনমেজযস্য যাং রাজ্ঞো বৈশংপাযন উক্তবান্ ।
যথাবত্স ঋষিস্তুষ্ট্যা সত্রে দ্বৈপাযনাজ্ঞযা ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.1.18 in Gujarati sript:
જનમેજયસ્ય યાં રાજ્ઞો વૈશંપાયન ઉક્તવાન્ ।
યથાવત્સ ઋષિસ્તુષ્ટ્યા સત્રે દ્વૈપાયનાજ્ઞયા ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.1.18 in Malayalam sript:
ജനമേജയസ്യ യാം രാജ്ഞോ വൈശംപായന ഉക്തവാന് ।
യഥാവത്സ ഋഷിസ്തുഷ്ട്യാ സത്രേ ദ്വൈപായനാജ്ഞയാ ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.1.18 in Telugu sript:
జనమేజయస్య యాం రాజ్ఞో వైశంపాయన ఉక్తవాన్ ।
యథావత్స ఋషిస్తుష్ట్యా సత్రే ద్వైపాయనాజ్ఞయా ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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