Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.9

कृष्णद्वैपायनप्रोक्ताः सुपुण्या विविधाः कथाः ।
कथिताश्चापि विधिवद्या वैशंपायनेन वै ॥ ९ ॥

kṛṣṇadvaipāyanaproktāḥ supuṇyā vividhāḥ kathāḥ |
kathitāścāpi vidhivadyā vaiśaṃpāyanena vai || 9 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...sacred waters and holy shrines, I journeyed to the country venerated by the Dwijas (twice-born) and called Samantapancaka where formerly was fought the battle between the children of Kuru...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Krishnadvaipayana, Prokta, Supunya, Vividha, Katha, Kathita, Capin, Vidhivat, Vaishampayana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kṛṣṇadvaipāyanaproktāḥ supuṇyā vividhāḥ kathāḥ
  • kṛṣṇadvaipāyana -
  • kṛṣṇadvaipāyana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • proktāḥ -
  • prokta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    proktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • supuṇyā* -
  • supuṇya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    supuṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vividhāḥ -
  • vividha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vividhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • kathāḥ -
  • kathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “kathitāścāpi vidhivadyā vaiśaṃpāyanena vai
  • kathitāś -
  • kathita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kathitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kath -> kathita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √kath class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √kath class 10 verb]
    kath -> kathitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √kath class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √kath class 10 verb], [accusative plural from √kath class 10 verb]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vidhivad -
  • vidhivat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • yā* -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vaiśampāyanena -
  • vaiśampāyana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vaiśampāyana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.9

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.1.9 in Kannada sript:
ಕೃಷ್ಣದ್ವೈಪಾಯನಪ್ರೋಕ್ತಾಃ ಸುಪುಣ್ಯಾ ವಿವಿಧಾಃ ಕಥಾಃ ।
ಕಥಿತಾಶ್ಚಾಪಿ ವಿಧಿವದ್ಯಾ ವೈಶಂಪಾಯನೇನ ವೈ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.1.9 in Bengali sript:
কৃষ্ণদ্বৈপাযনপ্রোক্তাঃ সুপুণ্যা বিবিধাঃ কথাঃ ।
কথিতাশ্চাপি বিধিবদ্যা বৈশংপাযনেন বৈ ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.1.9 in Gujarati sript:
કૃષ્ણદ્વૈપાયનપ્રોક્તાઃ સુપુણ્યા વિવિધાઃ કથાઃ ।
કથિતાશ્ચાપિ વિધિવદ્યા વૈશંપાયનેન વૈ ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.1.9 in Malayalam sript:
കൃഷ്ണദ്വൈപായനപ്രോക്താഃ സുപുണ്യാ വിവിധാഃ കഥാഃ ।
കഥിതാശ്ചാപി വിധിവദ്യാ വൈശംപായനേന വൈ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.1.9 in Telugu sript:
కృష్ణద్వైపాయనప్రోక్తాః సుపుణ్యా వివిధాః కథాః ।
కథితాశ్చాపి విధివద్యా వైశంపాయనేన వై ॥ ౯ ॥

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