Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.8

सूत उवाच ।
जनमेजयस्य राजर्षेः सर्पसत्रे महात्मनः ।
समीपे पार्थिवेन्द्रस्य सम्यक्पारिक्षितस्य च ॥ ८ ॥

sūta uvāca |
janamejayasya rājarṣeḥ sarpasatre mahātmanaḥ |
samīpe pārthivendrasya samyakpārikṣitasya ca || 8 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Vaisampayana at the Snake-sacrifice of the high-souled royal sage Janamejaya and in the presence also of that chief of Princes, the son of Parikshit, and having wandered about, visiting...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Suta, Janamejaya, Rajarshi, Sarpasatra, Mahatman, Samipa, Parthivendra, Samyak, Parikshita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sūta uvāca
  • sūta* -
  • sūta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    su -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √su class 1 verb], [nominative single from √su class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “janamejayasya rājarṣeḥ sarpasatre mahātmanaḥ
  • janamejayasya -
  • janamejaya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • rājarṣeḥ -
  • rājarṣi (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • sarpasatre -
  • sarpasatra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sarpasatra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • mahātmanaḥ -
  • mahātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    mahātman (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 3: “samīpe pārthivendrasya samyakpārikṣitasya ca
  • samīpe -
  • samīpa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    samīpa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    samīpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • pārthivendrasya -
  • pārthivendra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • samyak -
  • samyak (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • pārikṣitasya -
  • pārikṣita (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.8

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.1.8 in Kannada sript:
ಸೂತ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಜನಮೇಜಯಸ್ಯ ರಾಜರ್ಷೇಃ ಸರ್ಪಸತ್ರೇ ಮಹಾತ್ಮನಃ ।
ಸಮೀಪೇ ಪಾರ್ಥಿವೇನ್ದ್ರಸ್ಯ ಸಮ್ಯಕ್ಪಾರಿಕ್ಷಿತಸ್ಯ ಚ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.1.8 in Bengali sript:
সূত উবাচ ।
জনমেজযস্য রাজর্ষেঃ সর্পসত্রে মহাত্মনঃ ।
সমীপে পার্থিবেন্দ্রস্য সম্যক্পারিক্ষিতস্য চ ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.1.8 in Gujarati sript:
સૂત ઉવાચ ।
જનમેજયસ્ય રાજર્ષેઃ સર્પસત્રે મહાત્મનઃ ।
સમીપે પાર્થિવેન્દ્રસ્ય સમ્યક્પારિક્ષિતસ્ય ચ ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.1.8 in Malayalam sript:
സൂത ഉവാച ।
ജനമേജയസ്യ രാജര്ഷേഃ സര്പസത്രേ മഹാത്മനഃ ।
സമീപേ പാര്ഥിവേന്ദ്രസ്യ സമ്യക്പാരിക്ഷിതസ്യ ച ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.1.8 in Telugu sript:
సూత ఉవాచ ।
జనమేజయస్య రాజర్షేః సర్పసత్రే మహాత్మనః ।
సమీపే పార్థివేన్ద్రస్య సమ్యక్పారిక్షితస్య చ ॥ ౮ ॥

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